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Philadelphia in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Thaddeus Kosciuszko

A Champion of Human Rights

 
 
Thaddeus Kosciuszko Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., July 1, 2009
1. Thaddeus Kosciuszko Marker
Inscription. Thaddeus Kosciuszko lived in a second floor room of Ann Relf's boarding house from November 1797 to May 1798. Kosciuszko was one of a number of highly trained European military officers whose imagination was seized by the ideals of liberty and human dignity embodied in the Declaration of Independence. Kosciuszko arrived in Philadelphia from Poland in August 1776, one month after the adoption of the Declaration, and offered his services to the United States.

As a military engineer he contributed to the American victory at Saratoga and to the defense of West Point throughout the Revolution. After the war, Kosciuszko returned home and in March 1794, again championing the cause of liberty, led his countrymen against Russian rule. After some initial successes he was defeated, captured by the Russians, and imprisoned.

In August 1797, Kosciuszko returned to Philadelphia to a hero's welcome. During that time he entertained many visitors, Vice President Thomas Jefferson among them, and successfully petitioned Congress for back pay. He received close to $19,000 and a grant of 500 acres in Ohio. Throughout his life Kosciuszko condemned slavery. He also promoted education for free blacks. When Thomas Jefferson learned of Kosciuszko's death in Switzerland in 1817, he remarked that Thaddeus Kosciuszko had been “as pure a
Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial and Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., July 1, 2009
2. Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial and Marker
Son of Liberty as I have ever known.”

Also at the site is a marker labled "Preservation at Work," identifying preservation efforts for Kosciuszko's house. It reads:
Preservation of the Site:
Since 1798, when Polish patriot Thaddeus Kosciuszko lived here, this building has undergone many changes. In order to interpret the building accurately, the National Park Service (NPS) restored the houses' exterior masonry walls, including reconstructing the missing historical first floor walls, and recreated the building's historic window patterns and door locations. NPS staff members based this 1970s restoration work on documentary research, surviving architectural evidence, and archeological investigation at the site.

The Current Project:
Today the NPS continues its preservation of this historic site in a new project to provide an accessible visitor entrance. As required by federal law, the finished project (a ramp) will give all people, regardless of their mobility level, independent access to the building from Pine Street. The ramp will stand on the building's west side, to limit its visual impact on the historic appearance of the houses' most prominent facade.
 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Location. 39° 56.606′ 
Preservation at Work Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., July 1, 2009
3. Preservation at Work Marker
N, 75° 8.835′ W. Marker is in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia County. Marker is at the intersection of 3rd Street and Pine Street, on the left when traveling north on 3rd Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Philadelphia PA 19106, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Thaddeus Kosciuszko (a few steps from this marker); St. Peter's Church (within shouting distance of this marker); Capt. Charles Massey House (within shouting distance of this marker); Tribal Chieftains (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); James Forten (about 500 feet away); Society Hill / The New Market and Head House (about 600 feet away); Queen Village / The New Market and Head House (about 700 feet away); “A Man Full of Trouble” Tavern (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Philadelphia.
 
Also see . . .
1. General Thaddeus Kosciuszko 1746 - 1817. Hero of America and Poland (Submitted on August 19, 2009, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.) 

2. Thaddeus Kosciuszko at FindAGrave.com. (Submitted on July 21, 2011, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Abolition & Underground RRCivil RightsHeroesMilitaryNotable PersonsPatriots & PatriotismWar, US Revolutionary
 
The Kosciuszko House in 1973, Before Restoration image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., July 1, 2009
4. The Kosciuszko House in 1973, Before Restoration
Kosciuszko House With Restoration in Progress in 1975 image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., July 1, 2009
5. Kosciuszko House With Restoration in Progress in 1975
The Kosciuszko House After the 1970's Restoration image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., July 1, 2009
6. The Kosciuszko House After the 1970's Restoration
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 973 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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