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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Delaware City in New Castle County, Delaware — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Pea Patch Island

 
 
Pea Patch Island Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2009
1. Pea Patch Island Marker
Inscription. Fort Delaware is located on Pea Patch Island in the Delaware River. The island is sometimes said to have gotten its name from a boat loaded with peas that ran aground on a mud shoal in the 1770s. The spilled peas sprouted, mud caught in the vines, and so the island grew. In 1794, the island appeared on a map from the first time.

During the Civil War, Pea Patch Island was only about 75 acres in size (compared with almost 300 acres today). Earth dredged up from the river was dumped onto the island and around it in 1906, giving it the size we know today.
 
Erected by Delaware State Parks.
 
Location. 39° 35.144′ N, 75° 34.321′ W. Marker is near Delaware City, Delaware, in New Castle County. Click for map. Marker is located on Pea Patch Island, near the boat dock. Marker is in this post office area: Delaware City DE 19706, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Batteries Hentig and Dodd (approx. 0.3 miles away); Sally Port (approx. 0.3 miles away); W. Emerson Wilson (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Diving Bell (approx. one mile away); Delaware Historic Civil Engineering Landmark
Marker on Pea Patch Island image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2009
2. Marker on Pea Patch Island
Fort Delaware can be seen in the background of the photo.
(approx. one mile away); Christ Episcopal Church (approx. 1.3 miles away); Old Delaware City Public School (approx. 1.4 miles away); Pea Patch Island Heronry (approx. 1.5 miles away in New Jersey). Click for a list of all markers in Delaware City.
 
More about this marker. The right of the marker contains a map of Pea Patch Island indicating the location of Fort Delaware and the Confederate prisoner barracks.
 
Also see . . .  Fort Delaware State Park. (Submitted on August 12, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
 
Categories. Natural Features
 
Fort Delaware State Park image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2009
3. Fort Delaware State Park
Pea Patch Island was the site of Fort Delaware, which served as a Confederate prisoner of war camp during the Civil War. Union deserters and political prisoners were also confined here between 1862 and 1865.
Fort Delaware image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2009
4. Fort Delaware
The first large group of prisoners to arrive at Fort Delaware were 250 of Stonewall Jackson's men captured during the First Battle of Kearnstown in 1862. Most of the Southern troops captured at Gettysburg, including Gen. James J. Archer, were brought here.
Inside Fort Delaware image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2009
5. Inside Fort Delaware
By August 1863, Fort Delaware held 12,500 prisoners. About 2,700 of these died in the fort.
Confederate Prisoner Barracks image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2009
6. Confederate Prisoner Barracks
Wooden barracks, like this one, covered Pea Patch Island during its service as a POW Camp. Enough barracks to house 10,000 prisoners were located here.
Confederate Prisoner of War image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2009
7. Confederate Prisoner of War
These barracks housed enlisted men. Officers were confined inside the Fort to prevent insurrections.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 2,063 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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