Hancocks Bridge in Salem County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Hancock House Massacre
The colonists were determined to prevent the British from gaining access to their provisions, and moved their livestock below Alloways Creek. British Commander, Colonel Charles Mawhood was just as determined to not only obtain them, but to also “chastise the rebels.” His foraging parties, however, were turned back at all of the bridge crossings by the entrenched Cumberland and Salem militia.
After two days of skirmishing, Colonel Mawhood, more determined than ever to defeat the militia, chose the community around Hancock’s Bridge to concentrate his efforts. Major John G. Simcoe was dispatched with a force of 300 trained guerilla fighters and orders to spare no one.
In the darkness of the early morning hours of March 21, 1778, Simcoe’s troops quietly surrounded Judge William Hancock’s house where a small Quaker garrison of about 30 colonial militia, including Judge Hancock, were sleeping. Simcoe’s troops entered the house simultaneously from the front and back and in the darkness of the night, quickly bayoneted all occupants.
Erected by State of New Jersey Division of Parks & Forestry and National Park System.
Location. 39° 30.46′ N, 75° 27.584′ W. Marker is in Hancocks Bridge, New Jersey, in Salem County. Marker is at the intersection of New Street and Locust Island Road, on the right when traveling south on New Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hancocks Bridge NJ 08038, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Hancock House (within shouting distance of this marker); Patterned Brick Houses (within shouting distance of this marker); Swedish Cabin (within shouting distance of this marker); Patriots Massacred in the Hancock House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Alloway Creek Watershed (about 500 feet away); Old Bridges at this Location (about 500 feet away); Waving Acres of Grass (about 500 feet away); Quinton’s Bridge (approx. 3.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Hancocks Bridge.
More about this marker. Two photographs, courtesy of the Salem County Historical Society, appear on the bottom of the marker. One is of a model of the Quinton bridge
Also see . . .
1. Hancock House. New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry webpage. (Submitted on August 13, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
2. New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route. National Park Service website. (Submitted on August 13, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Categories. • Notable Buildings • Notable Events • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,335 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.