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Pennsville in Salem County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Battery Gregg

 
 
Battery Gregg Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2009
1. Battery Gregg Marker
Inscription. Battery Gregg is named in honor of Captain John C. Gregg, who served as Captain in the 4th Infantry and was killed in action near Mariquana, Philippine Islands, on March 31, 1899. Completed in December 1900, Battery Gregg was the fourth of Fort Mottís five batteries to be constructed. This battery contained emplacements for two 5-inch rapid fire guns (model 1900) mounted on pedestal mounts with shields. Both guns were not mounted at the battery until 1906. In 1913, they were removed and later shipped to Benica Arsenal, California. Several years after the guns were removed a Battery Commanderís Station was built on emplacement No. 1 for the 10-inch guns of Battery Harker.

Battery Greggís 5-inch rapid fire guns.
Test firing of the guns in 1907 shattered windows on the post and neighboring farms. The 5-inch rapid fire guns were produced at the Watervliet Arsenal, N.Y., and were designed to have all-around (360ļ) fire capability. Fort personnel reported that when the guns were installed, the field of view was obstructed by newly planted trees on the reservation.

Battery Commanderís Station.
By 1920 the Battery Commanderís Station was built to direct the fire of the 10-inch guns in Battery Harker. This structure, and a similar one built in Battery Krayenbuhl for Battery Arnold . . . . provided a place for
Marker at Fort Mott image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2009
2. Marker at Fort Mott
the Battery Commander to supervise the operation of his guns. He would check the work of the plotting room by setting his sighting instrument where the target should be and note the accuracy of the plot. He would also spot the fall of the shot and make any corrections needed to bring the fire of his Battery on target.


5-inch gun: Model 1900 † † Class 56 † Division 10
Overall Length † † 258.5 Inches (21 ft, 6½ in.)
Weight of Gun † † † 11,120 Pounds
Muzzle Velocity † † 2,600 Feet Per Second
Maximum Range † †† † † 12,918 Yards (7.33 miles)
Weight of Projectile † †† 59 Pounds
Weight of Powder Charge † † 22.25 Pounds
Chamber Pressure † †† † 36,000 Pounds Per Square Inch
Muzzle Energy †† † † † † 2,721 Foot Tons


5-inch Barbette Carriages: Model 1903Class 6 Division 6
Firing Angle † † -5 to +15 Degrees
Traverse † † † † † 360 Degrees
Weight of Carriage † † 21,573.5 Pounds
Type of Sight † † 3-inch Telescope Model 1904
 
Erected by State of New Jersey.
 
Location. 39° 36.202′ N, 75° 33.024′ W. Marker is in Pennsville, New Jersey, in Salem County. Marker can be reached from Fort Mott Road, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is located on the walking
Battery Commander's Station image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2009
3. Battery Commander's Station
A Battery Commanderís Station, like this one at Battery Krayenbuhl, was built on Battery Gregg's emplacement No. 1 for the 10-inch guns of Battery Harker around 1920.
trail in Fort Mott State Park. Marker is in this post office area: Pennsville NJ 08070, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Welcome (to Fort Mott) (within shouting distance of this marker); Battery Harker (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Observation Towers (about 300 feet away); The Moat and the Parados (about 300 feet away); The Wharf (about 500 feet away); Two Batteries in one (about 600 feet away); Pea Patch Island (about 700 feet away); The Latrines (about 700 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Pennsville.
 
More about this marker. The marker contains a copy of the blueprints for the guns at Battery Gregg.
 
Also see . . .  Fort Mott State Park. NJ Division of Parks & Forestry website. (Submitted on August 17, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesMilitary
 
Fort Mott State Park image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2009
4. Fort Mott State Park
The Battery Gregg marker is Stop #1 on the Walking Tour of Fort Mott State Park.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 624 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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