Inscription. The house was built about 1770 by workmen engaged in building Monticello. Mazzei, an Italian, lived here for some years adapting grape culture to Virginia. Baron de Riedesel, captured at Saratoga in 1777, lived here with his family, 1779–1780. Scenes in Ford’s novel, Janice Meredith, are laid here.
By J. J. Prats, August 2, 2009
|1. Colle Marker|
Erected 1928 by Conservation and Development Commission. (Marker Number W-201.)
Location. 37° 59.506′ N, 78° 26.654′ W. Marker is in Simeon, Virginia, in Albemarle County. Marker is on Thomas Jefferson Highway (Virginia Route 53) just east of Milton Road (County Route 732), on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Charlottesville VA 22902, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Ash Lawn - Highland (approx. 0.9 miles away); Ash Lawn – Highland (approx. 0.9 miles away); The Levy Legacy (approx. 1.3 miles away); Textiles (approx. 1.3 miles away); Mulberry Row (approx. 1.3 miles away); The Monticello Graveyard (approx. 1.3 miles away); Ice House (approx. 1.4 miles away); Tobacco Barn ca.1790 (approx. 1.6 miles away).
Also see . . .
1. Colle. Colle was demolished in 1930. From the date on the marker, it looks to have been erected when Colle still stood. The house was torn down before HABS had a chance to do an assessment and document the house. This link has a photo of the house shortly before it was torn down. (Submitted on August 28, 2009, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.)
By J. J. Prats, August 2, 2009
|2. Colle Marker and Vineyard|
2. Filippo Mazzei – Godfather of the Declaration of Independence. “Thomas Adams was giving [Filippo] Mazzei a tour of the Virginia countryside when they stopped at the estate of Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson was fascinated by Mazzei, and induced him to buy land adjacent to Monticello. Mazzei called his estate Colle (‘The Hill’), which is near the present Shadwell Station, about four miles from Charlottesville. Mazzei soon became interested in Virginia’s political affairs and spoke out against British rule. In 1774–1776 he wrote articles in Italian under the pseudonym ‘Furioso,’ which Jefferson translated into English, for publication in the Virginia Gazette.” (Submitted on August 26, 2009.)
3. A History of Charlottesville Virginia. “Of her life at Colle [Madame de Riedesel] writes: ‘We had turkeys weighing fifty pounds, and perfectly tame, but on the approach of spring they flew off to hatch their eggs, which they had laid in the woods. We had given them up for lost, when suddenly they returned with a numerous brood.
We had a large house built for us, which cost us a hundred guineas and was quite elegant. The negroes sold us their little stock of poultry and vegetables.
Every week we sent an ox and two swine to the slaughterhouse.
Thus with respect to provisions we had nothing to wish for, but we suffered much by the heat during the summer; we lived in continual apprehension of rattlesnakes, and our fruit trees were destroyed by three kinds of insects.
Sometimes also we had tremendous thunderstorms. The woods were, besides, often wasted by the fires of negroes and herdsmen; indeed, nobody here seems to care much for trees. Whole forests are sometimes burnt down to redeem land for the purposes of agriculture.
The heat was so great, even during the night, that we were obliged to sleep with open windows." (Submitted on August 26, 2009.)
By Denise Boose, April 19, 2011
|3. Colle Marker|
|Taken from the other direction.|
4. Janice Meredith: A Story of the American Revolution. 1899 book by Paul Leicester Ford. “A sudden end came to these amusements by an untoward event. Janice and General de Riedesel had made the flower-garden at Colle their particular charge, working there, despite the heat, for hours each day, till early in August, when one day the baron was found lying in a pathway unconscious, his face blue, his hands white, and his eyes staring. He was hurriedly carried into the house, and when the army surgeon arrived, it was found to be a case of sunstroke. Though he was bled copiously, the sufferer improved but slowly, and before he was convalescent developed the ‘river’ or ‘breakbone fever.’ Finally he was ordered over the mountains to the Warm Springs, to see whether their waters might not benefit him . . . ” (Submitted on August 26, 2009.)
Credits. This page originally submitted on August 26, 2009, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 886 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on August 26, 2009, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. 3. submitted on March 17, 2012, by Denise Boose of Tehachapi, California.
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