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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Brooke in Stafford County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Aquia Landing

Naval Engagement

 
 
Aquia Landing - Naval Engagement Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin White, August 28, 2007
1. Aquia Landing - Naval Engagement Marker
Inscription. Within weeks after Virginia seceded from the Union in the spring of 1861, state troops began fortifying Aquia Landing. One artillery battery was established on the waterfront while additional batteries, like this one, covered the landing from nearby hills. These guns posed a threat to Union shipping in the Potomac River, prompting Commander James H. Ward of the United States Navy to take steps to eliminate them.

Between May 29 and June 1, 1861, Union gunboats on the Potomac River, ahead of you, fired more than 700 rounds at the landing. Union shells damaged several houses along the waterfront and tore up sections of railroad track but otherwise inflicted little damage. Return fire by the Confederates struck the U.S.S. Pawnee nine times and caused another attacking vessel, the U.S.S. Thomas Freeborn, to take on water. Incredibly, no one on either side was killed. “The only damage to our side,” observed a confederate spectator, “was the death of a chicken, though a stray ball killed a horse on the opposite side of the creek.”

Although the artillery exchange at Aquia Landing had no lasting impact on the war and produced few casualties, it is notable as one of the Civil Wars first military engagements. Manassas, the wars first major battle, was still more than seven weeks away.
Aquia Landing - Naval Engagement Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin White, August 28, 2007
2. Aquia Landing - Naval Engagement Marker
The trail to this marker is covered in oyster shells. The marker can be seen in the center of the picture. As the trail is a bit steep, caretakers have added benches for visitors to rest.


(caption under main picture) “Bombardment of the confederate batteries at Aquia Creek, Virginia, by the U.S.S Pawnee and Freeborn, May 31, 1861” by Alfred R. Waud

(caption under small picture) Sketch of the U.S.S. Pawnee.
 
Erected by Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 22.905′ N, 77° 19.167′ W. Marker is near Brooke, Virginia, in Stafford County. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Stafford VA 22554, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Battle of Aquia Landing (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Aquia Landing (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Mason's Homestead (about 500 feet away); a different marker also named Aquia Landing (about 600 feet away); Patawomeck Tribe Village (approx. 0.3 miles away); Early Escape Route (approx. 0.6 miles away); Gateway to Freedom (approx. 0.6 miles away); Steamships, Stages and Slave Trade (approx. 0.6 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Brooke.
 
Regarding Aquia Landing. Access to this marker
Walker's Battery Gun Emplacement image. Click for full size.
By Kevin White, August 28, 2007
3. Walker's Battery Gun Emplacement
This is the redoubt at Walker's Battery, about one mile south of the original boat landing. It had four rifled field guns and took part in May and June 1861 engagements.
is from the “Aquia Landing - The Railroad” marker location.
 
Categories. MilitaryNotable EventsWar, US Civil
 
Walker's Battery Gun Emplacement image. Click for full size.
By Kevin White, August 28, 2007
4. Walker's Battery Gun Emplacement
Note an additional marker to the right of the emplacement.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,465 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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