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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Columbia in Richland County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

The South Caroliniana Library

1840

 
 
The South Caroliniana Library Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2009
1. The South Caroliniana Library Marker
Inscription. The central portion of this structure is the oldest freestanding college library in the United States and has served continuously as a library since its completion in 1840. It is based upon design elements by South Carolina native and nineteenth-century federal architect Robert Mills. Its reading room was inspired by Charles Bulfinch's 1818 design for the US Capitol's Library of Congress room, which was destroyed by fire in 1851.

Known only as the College Library for its first 100 years, wings designed by architect J.Carroll Johnson were added in 1927. When a larger main library was erected in 1940, this building became a respository for published and unpublished materials relating to the history, geography, literature, and culture of South Carolina. It was named South Caroliniana Library-- the term "Caroliniana" meaning "things pertaining to Carolina."
 
Location. 33° 59.898′ N, 81° 1.792′ W. Marker is in Columbia, South Carolina, in Richland County. Marker can be reached from Sumter Street near College Street, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Located near northeast side entrance to USC Horseshoe. Marker is in this post office area: Columbia SC 29201, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker
The South Caroliniana Library image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, August 16, 2009
2. The South Caroliniana Library
. A different marker also named The South Caroliniana Library (a few steps from this marker); Elliott College (within shouting distance of this marker); Memorial Fountain (within shouting distance of this marker); Harper College (within shouting distance of this marker); The L. Marion Gressette Euphradian Society Hall (within shouting distance of this marker); University of South Carolina (within shouting distance of this marker); Lieber College (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Pinckney College (about 300 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Columbia.
 
Regarding The South Caroliniana Library. The South Caroliniana Library predates those of Harvard (1841), Yale (1846), and Princeton (1873).
 
Also see . . .  University Libraries South Carolinaiana Library. (Submitted on September 1, 2009, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
 
Categories. Notable Buildings
 
The South Caroliniana Library Marker, seen at right image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, August 16, 2009
3. The South Caroliniana Library Marker, seen at right
The South Caroliniana Library image. Click for full size.
By Usc
4. The South Caroliniana Library
reading room destroyed by fire in 1851
The South Caroliniana Library War Memorial Fountain image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, August 21, 2011
5. The South Caroliniana Library War Memorial Fountain
Plaque at right honors Patriots of the Revolutionary War
The South Caroliniana Library South and west (front )elevations image. Click for full size.
Historic American Buildings Survey, M.B. Paine, April 1934
6. The South Caroliniana Library South and west (front )elevations
Historic American Engineering Record HABS SC,40-COLUM,2A-1
The South Caroliniana Library North elevation image. Click for full size.
Historic American Buildings Survey, M.B. Paine, April 1934
7. The South Caroliniana Library North elevation
Historic American Engineering Record HABS SC,40-COLUM,2A-2
The South Caroliniana Library First floor entrance hall image. Click for full size.
Historic American Buildings Survey, M.B. Paine, April 1934
8. The South Caroliniana Library First floor entrance hall
Historic American Engineering Record HABS SC,40-COLUM,2A-3
The South Caroliniana Library Main Reading room, looking east image. Click for full size.
Historic American Buildings Survey, M.B. Paine, April 1934
9. The South Caroliniana Library Main Reading room, looking east
Historic American Engineering Record HABS SC,40-COLUM,2A-4
The South Caroliniana Library View from north gallery image. Click for full size.
Historic American Buildings Survey, C.O. Greene, September 21, 1940
10. The South Caroliniana Library View from north gallery
Historic American Engineering Record HABS SC,40-COLUM,2A-8
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 746 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   5. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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