West Point in Orange County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Great Chain
When finally completed, the 600-yard chain contained iron links two feet in length and weighing 114 pounds. Including swivels, clevises, and anchors, the chain weighed 65 tons. For buoyancy, 40-foot logs were cut into 16-foot sections, waterproofed, and joined by fours into rafts fastened with 12-foot timbers. Short sections of chain (ten links and a clevis) were stapled across each raft. Later the chain sections were united.
The Great Chain (continued)
On 30 April 1778, Captain Thomas Machin, the engineer responsible for assembling and installing the obstruction, eased the chain across the river, anchoring its northern end under the protection of Marine Battery in the cove to the right of the promontory to your front on Constitution Island. The southern end was secured in a small cove
A map of the Hudson River and the Great Chain is shown on a bronze tablet just south of Kosciuszko’s Monument on the Fort Clinton parapet to the east of this point.
The British fleet never approached West Point and the strength of the Great Chain was never tested.
Location. 41° 23.754′ N, 73° 57.345′ W. Marker is in West Point, New York, in Orange County. Marker can be reached from Washington Road, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Markers are located at Trophy Point at the U.S. Military Academy. Marker is in this post office area: West Point NY 10996, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. In Memoriam (here, next to this marker); Sherburne’s Redoubt (here, next to this marker); Constitution Island (here, next to this marker); West Point in the American Revolution (a few steps from this marker); Our National Heritage (a few steps from this marker); Wars That Shaped the Nation (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Wars That Shaped the Nation (within shouting distance of this marker); Fred E. McAniff & John R. Parker (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in West Point.
Categories. • Notable Events • War, US Revolutionary •
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