Hartwood in Stafford County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Hartwood Presbyterian Church
Erected 2004 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number E-126.)
Location. 38° 24.107′ N, 77° 34.02′ W. Marker is in Hartwood, Virginia, in Stafford County. Marker is on Hartwood Church Road (County Route 705), on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 50 Hartwood Church Rd, Hartwood VA 22471, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Hartwood Presbyterian Church (here, next to this Cavalry Affairs (approx. 0.2 miles away but has been reported missing); Gold Mining in Stafford County (approx. 0.3 miles away); Mt. Olive Baptist Church (approx. 3.1 miles away); The Mud March (approx. 3.8 miles away); Civilian Conservation Corps Company 2363 (approx. 3.8 miles away); Fredericksburg Campaign (approx. 3.8 miles away); Hulls Memorial Baptist Church (approx. 5.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Hartwood.
Regarding Hartwood Presbyterian Church. Hartwood Presbyterian Church, which includes the site of the Hartwood Chapel, or Yellow Chapel, and the graveyard, began its life as a chapel-of-ease of Brunswick Parish about 1767. The oldest surviving recording of the church’s existence cited it as a landmark in orders for repairing the road that ran by it. The half acre containing the chapel was sold to the parish in 1771 by Arthur Morson for five shillings “current money of the colony of Virginia,” subject to an annual payment of “one pepper corn, on St. Michael’s Day, if demanded.”
After the Revolution and the disestablishment of the Anglican Church, Presbyterians began to use the chapel. The Winchester Presbytery officially recognized the Yellow Chapel Church on 2 June 1825. Until 1983 Hartwood was the only Presbyterian church in Stafford County.
Between 1857 and 1859 members of the Irvine family and their slaves built the present building on an acre of land immediately adjacent to the Hartwood Chapel half acre.
The area around Hartwood Presbyterian Church saw many skirmishes and camps in the early years of the Civil War. Like many churches in the area, it saw use as a church, stable and hospital. By the end of the War, everything that was combustible was burned, leaving only the brick walls standing.
In 1872, the Irvine family gave the church building and one acre of land “more or less” to the trustees of Hartwood Church, the present owners, raising the total area of land to about 1.77 acres.
According to tradition and to a survey of 1965, the present land includes a small portion of land used for a former sighting of the road, which was at one time closer to the church. This road area is shown in Picture 7, with its accompanying marker shown in Picture 6.
Also see . . .
1. Hartwood Presbyterian Church Website. Includes a brief history and historical timeline of the church. (Submitted on August 31, 2007, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.)
2. Inventory - Nomination Form. The completed National Register of Historic Places form describing Hartwood Presbyterian Church. The above information was gleaned from this document and a similiar one for the nearby Hartwood Manor. (Submitted on August 31, 2007, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.)
Categories. • Churches, Etc. • Military • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,061 times since then and 137 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. 8. submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.