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Near Shiloh in Hardin County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
Field Hospital
 
Field Hospital Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, March 16, 2009
1. Field Hospital Marker
 
Inscription. After the Battle of Shiloh, Federal soldiers buried the dead, and medical officers faced the enormous task of caring for the 16,400 wounded. Many were crowded onto steamboats for transport to Northern cities, while others were taken to nearby homes. Some of the wounded received professional medical treatment here.

On this high ground surrounding the farmhouse of Noah Cantrell, medical officers of the Union Army of the Ohio set up a large field hospital under canvas. Tents, bedding, and supplies were secured from the infantry camps to accommodate some 2,500 sick and wounded.

Ordinarily, regiments took care of their own wounded. Here was the first consolidated tent hospital - a forerunner of modern military field hospitals.
 
Location. 35° 7.694′ N, 88° 19.566′ W. Marker is near Shiloh, Tennessee, in Hardin County. Marker is on Federal Road, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Located at tour stop 11 (the Field Hospital) on the driving tour of Shiloh National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Shiloh TN 38376, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Stuart (a few steps from this marker); 71st Ohio Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named 71st Ohio Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Jackson's Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); Gage's Alabama Battery (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); 55th Illinois Infantry (approx. 0.2 miles away); Chalmers' Brigade (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named 55th Illinois Infantry (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Shiloh.
 
Close up of the Portrait and Field Hospital Layout Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, March 16, 2009
2. Close up of the Portrait and Field Hospital Layout
 

 
More about this marker. In the center is a drawing depicting the field hospital in operation. On the night after the battle, surgeons labored to save the victims of Shiloh. An Ohio soldier who walked by here heard, "groans and cries that would have melted a heart of stone."

In the center is a portrait, captioned: Asst. Surgeon Bernard J.D. Lewin established and organized the hospital. Union and Confederate soldiers alike were given excellent treatment, considering the lack of supplies, the horrible nature of the wounds, and the great number of patients.

On the right is a diagram showing the layout of the field hospital.
 
Field Hospital Site and Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, March 16, 2009
3. Field Hospital Site and Marker
The park service uses this area for living history displays. In the background is the monument for the 71st Ohio.
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on September 18, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 737 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 18, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
 
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