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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Sandy Hook in Monmouth County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Protecting American Coasts

Coastal Defense

 

—Maritime History —

 
Protecting American Coasts Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, September 20, 2009
1. Protecting American Coasts Marker
Inscription. Established in 1943, to store and supply ammunition for the Atlantic fleet, the Earle Naval Weapons Station plays a key role in protecting American coastal cities and ports. Its deep-water pier is 2.9 miles long and can service several naval vessels at a time. It is located at the confluence of several major transatlantic routes and easily accessible to the open waters of the Atlantic Ocean.

Earle is one of several military bases that have ringed the New York Harbor over the past two centuries. Fort Hancock’s massive concrete gun batteries and their succeeding replacements defended the entrance to the harbor until it was deactivated in 1974. Fort Wadsworth is one of the oldest military installations in the United States. First used during the Revolutionary War, the fort was a key component of the New York Harbor defense system until the early 1960s. The site was closed by the military in 1994.

Identifying Homeported Vessels
On a clear day using the silhouettes below, and with the aid of a good pair of binoculars, perhaps you’ll be able to identify some of the homeported ammunition and support vessels using the Earle pier. Navy personnel from these types of ships provide the laborious job of supplying American armed forces around the world during times of peace and war.
 
Erected by
Markers at Fort Hancock image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, September 20, 2009
2. Markers at Fort Hancock
Two different markers are found at this location in Fort Hancock's Historic District. The "Protecting American Coasts" marker can be seen on the left.
National Park Service, State of New Jersey Division of Parks & Forestry.
 
Location. 40° 27.892′ N, 74° 0.409′ W. Marker is in Sandy Hook, New Jersey, in Monmouth County. Marker is on Gateway NRA Road, on the left when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is in the Fort Hancock Historic District in the Sandy Hook Unit of Gateway National Recreation Area. Marker is in this post office area: Highlands NJ 07732, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 200 Years of Service (here, next to this marker); Army Docks (a few steps from this marker); Officers Row (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Post Chapel (about 300 feet away); Rodman Gun (about 400 feet away); Mule Barn (about 400 feet away); Fire House Number 1 (about 400 feet away); Post Theater (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Sandy Hook.
 
More about this marker. Silhouettes of some of the homeported ships appear on the bottom of the marker. These include Class AOE 1 (combat support ship): example USS Seattle and USS Detroit; Class AE 23 (ammunition ship): example USS Nitro; Class AE 21 (ammunition ship): example USS Suribachi; and Class AE 26 (ammunition ship): example USS Butte.
 
Also see . . .
Sandy Hook Markers image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, September 20, 2009
3. Sandy Hook Markers
These markers are part of the New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route.

1. New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route. National Park Service website. (Submitted on September 23, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. Naval Weapons Station Earle, Monmouth County, New Jersey. (Submitted on September 23, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
 
Categories. Military
 
Sandy Hook Bay image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, September 20, 2009
4. Sandy Hook Bay
This photo, taken from in front of the marker, looks in the direction of the Earle Naval Weapons Station.
Fort Wadsworth image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 2009
5. Fort Wadsworth
Fort Wadsworth, located on Staten Island, helped protect New York Harbor until its closure in the 1960s. Like Fort Hancock, it is also part of Gatway National Recreation Area.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 625 times since then and 13 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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