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Near Shiloh in Hardin County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
Surrender of the Hornets' Nest
 
Surrender of the Hornets' Nest Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, March 16, 2009
1. Surrender of the Hornets' Nest Marker
 
Inscription. In the woods to the right and behind you lay the heart of the Hornets' Nest, where Union infantry and artillery held out eight hours against the Confederate tide. The Federals repulsed a series of assaults across Duncan Field (ahead) and through the adjoining woods.

Late in the day, 62 cannon commanded by Brig. Gen. Daniel Ruggles began pounding the Hornets' Nest from across the field, while Confederate infantry pressed in on the flanks. Many Federals escaped the closing trap, but more than 2,000 men under Brig. Gen. Benjamin M. Prentiss held their ground. Isolated and outnumbered, the Union defenders surrendered.

The Confederates crushed the Hornets' Nest, but the effort cost them many lives, and allowed General Grant time to consolidate his forces for a successful counterattack the next day.
 
Location. 35° 8.156′ N, 88° 20.282′ W. Marker is near Shiloh, Tennessee, in Hardin County. Marker is at the intersection of Eastern Corinth Road and Hornets Nest Loop, on the right when traveling south on Eastern Corinth Road. Click for map. Located near the intersection of the "Sunken Road" and the Eastern Corinth Road in Shiloh National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Shiloh TN 38376, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within
 
Battle Map - April 6, 1862 Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, March 16, 2009
2. Battle Map - April 6, 1862
The north seeking arrow points to the right of the map.
 
walking distance of this marker. First Minnesota Light Artillery (a few steps from this marker); 12th Iowa Infantry Regiment (within shouting distance of this marker); 14th Iowa Infantry Regiment (within shouting distance of this marker); Arkansas Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Munch's Battery (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 21st Missouri Infantry (about 300 feet away); 9th Arkansas Battalion - 8th Arkansas - 27th Tennessee - 44th Tennessee (about 300 feet away); 7th Iowa Infantry Regiment (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Shiloh.
 
More about this marker. In the center is a copy of the painting Battle of Shiloh drawn by Thure de Thulstrup, depicting action in the Hornets' Nest. Union soldiers in the Hornets' Nest successfully defended their position along the "Sunken Road" until late in the day.

In the right center is a portrait of Prentiss. Brig. Gen. Benjamin M. Prentiss commanded the Sixth Division of the Union Army of the Tennessee at Shiloh. After his capture here, Prentiss was held prisoner of war for six months.

On the far right is a map depicting the action at this phase of the battle, titled The Hornets' Nest - April 6, 1862 - p.m. and captioned, Confederate flanking movements on the afternoon of April 6 led to the isolation and surrender of the Hornets' Nest.

At the top of the marker is a timeline showing the span of the battle, with time of the Union surrender at the Hornet's Nest indicated.
 
Surrender of the Hornets' Nest Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, March 16, 2009
3. Surrender of the Hornets' Nest Marker
The trace of the "Sunken Road" passes beside the marker, and several regimental monuments are seen to the right. Duncan Field lies in the background to the south. In the far woodline is the location of Ruggles' massed batteries.
 

 
Also see . . .  The Hornets' Nest. Civil War Landscapes tour of the Hornets' Nest. The page includes links detailed maps of the battle. (Submitted on September 27, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on September 27, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 886 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 27, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
 
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