Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany — Southern Germany (Scarplands and Alpine Region)
 

The Lower Main Mill

 
 
The Lower Main Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, August 27, 2009
1. The Lower Main Mill Marker
Inscription. Hier stand erbaut von Fürstbischof Iohann Philipp von Schönborn die Untere Mainmühle 1644-1921. An ihrer Stelle wurde in den Jahren 1921-1923 dieser Bau errichtet als erstes Kraftwerk der Grosschiffahrtstrasse Rhein-Main-Donau.

Translated, the marker reads:
From 1644-1921 here stood the Lower Main Mill, built by Prince-bishop Johann Philipp von Schoenborn. In its place this building was built in the years 1921-1923 as the first power plant of the Greater Rhine-Main-Danube Navigational Route.

 
Location. 49° 47.598′ N, 9° 55.627′ E. Marker is in Würzburg, Bavaria. Marker is at the intersection of Mainkai and Karmelitenstrasse, on the left when traveling north on Mainkai. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Mainkai 1, Würzburg, Bavaria 97070, Germany.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 2 other markers are within 5 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Old Cranes (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Faulenberg Barracks (approx. 3.8 kilometers away).
 
Also see . . .
1. Alte Mainmuehle. The restaurant's website. Click on the English flag for English. then click on the "Alte Mainmuehle" choice on the left. Then for the history, click on "History" on the right.
The Lower Main Mill Marker - Wide View, Taken from the <i>Alte Main Brücke</i> (Old Main Bridge) image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, August 27, 2009
2. The Lower Main Mill Marker - Wide View, Taken from the Alte Main Brücke (Old Main Bridge)
The marker can be seen on the building on the left, mounted at second story level, between the two archways.
(Submitted on September 29, 2009.) 

2. Pegel Würzburg. Wikipedia.org's extensive (German language) article on the point of measurement of the Main River's flow in Wuerzburg. The section on both the mill and the power plant under the heading "Mühlen", about 3/4 down the page. Includes pictures. (Submitted on September 29, 2009.) 
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceNotable Buildings
 
Lower Main Mill Wheel and Restaurant image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, August 27, 2009
3. Lower Main Mill Wheel and Restaurant
On the river side of the structure is a restaurant, Alte Mainmuehle (The Old Main Mill), and a mill wheel.
The Mill, the Old Main Bridge, and the Marienberg Fortress image. Click for full size.
By Matthäus Merian, 1648
4. The Mill, the Old Main Bridge, and the Marienberg Fortress
The mill, according to the Alte Mainmuehle Restaurant's website, "...was built as a grain mill by the prince bishops in 1643 in order to provide the city with flour in case of a siege. In later years a hammer-mill was added which was also water-powered. The water thrown up by the mill-wheel was welcome for several reasons. Fish were thrown up by the turbulence and the fisherman could always be assured of landing good catch by standing under the Alte Mainmühle."
The Old Main Bridge with Lower Main Mill Building Adjacent to Bridge on Left image. Click for full size.
Detroit Photographic Company, Photochrom provided courtesy of the US Library of Congress, 1890/1900
5. The Old Main Bridge with Lower Main Mill Building Adjacent to Bridge on Left
The Alte Mainmuehle Restaurant's website, continued, "...But for practical purposes the first 'fitness centre' was invented here. The citizens of Wuerzburg used the waves generated by the mill-wheel as a swiming pool with artificial waves. Swimming against the waves was considered to be particularly healthy."
View from Marienberg Fortress Showing Old Main Bridge and Lower Main Mill Building (Left of Bridge) image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, August 27, 2009
6. View from Marienberg Fortress Showing Old Main Bridge and Lower Main Mill Building (Left of Bridge)
The power station (mentioned on the marker), was the first of 54 power stations constructed by the Rhein-Main-Donau AG power company. The plant was originally outfitted with two Francis turbines to supply power to the city. The plant was updated in 1950-52, and then modernized and automated in 1987-88, with the installation of three Kaplan turbines.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California. This page has been viewed 1,166 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California.   4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement