HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
            “Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
  Home  — My Markers  — Add A Marker  — Marker Series  — Links & Books  — Forum  — About Us
Near Spencerville in Allen County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Miami & Erie Canal Deep Cut / Miami & Erie Canal
Anthony Wayne Parkway
 
Miami & Erie Canal Deep Cut Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2009
1. Miami & Erie Canal Deep Cut Marker
 
Inscription.
Miami & Erie Canal, Deep Cut

You are on that section of the Miami and Erie Canal where the greatest excavation was made – a section that has been known over the years as “Deep Cut.” The huge ditch, 6,600 feet long and 5 to 52 feet deep, was dug and blasted through the tough blue-clay ridge which separates the St. Marys watershed from that of the Auglaize.

Strong-muscled farm boys, brawny Irishmen, and sometimes convicts, sentenced to hard labor, toiled here with picks, shovels, and barrows, from sun-up to sun-down for 30 cents a day. They lived in shabby, unsanitary camps and were often ravaged by malaria and other diseases. Bad blood among the construction gangs and whisky, which “flowed like water,” led to frequent brawls.

Spencer Township, Allen County, where this marker is located, and Spencerville, just to the north, are both named in honor of Colonel William Spencer, member of the State Board of Public Works which had charge of Ohioís canal system.

Miami & Erie Canal

This spot, not long ago, was the scene of bustling canal traffic. The clump of mulesí hoofs along the tow path, the crack of the hard-bitten driversí whips, and the creaking of the loaded packet and cargo boats were familiar sounds in this vicinity.

Governor
 
Miami & Erie Canal Deep Cut Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2009
2. Miami & Erie Canal Deep Cut Marker
Close up view showing the map of the Miami and Erie Canal that is part of this historical marker.
 
DeWitt Clinton of New York and Governor Jeremiah Morrow of Ohio removed the first earth for the canal, July 21, 1825, just below Middletown. By 1845, boats were plying the “Big Ditch” from Cincinnati to Toledo.

In traversing the 249-mile canal, boats had to be raised to the Loramie Summit, 512 feet above the Ohio River, and then lowered 395 feet to the Lake Erie level. To accomplish this, 108 stone and wooden locks were built. To supply the canal with a constant flow of water, 3 large reservoirs and many river dams were constructed.

At the peak of operation, 400 boats plied the canal, providing Ohio with badly needed transportation. Cascading waters at the locks made the wheels of hundreds of mills and factories hum. The country through which the canal passed changed from a wilderness to an agricultural paradise. By the early 1900ís, however, this colorful and profitable period had come to an end. The railroads had taken over.
 
Erected 1961 by Allen County Historical Society, in cooperation with, The Anthony Wayne Parkway Board.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks, and the The Miami & Erie Canal marker series.
 
Location. 40° 41.072′ N, 84° 21.931′ W. Marker is near Spencerville, Ohio, in Allen County
 
Miami & Erie Canal Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2009
3. Miami & Erie Canal Marker
 
. Marker is on Ohio Route 66 0.2 miles north of Deep Cut Road, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Spencerville OH 45887, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Miami – Erie Canal (approx. 1.6 miles away); Fort Amanda (approx. 5.1 miles away); a different marker also named Fort Amanda (approx. 5.1 miles away); Tawa Town (approx. 5.4 miles away); White Feather's Town (approx. 6.8 miles away); Anthony Wayne's March Across Van Wert County / Venedocia Village (approx. 8.6 miles away); Miami and Erie Canal (approx. 9.8 miles away); The "Short Level" of the Miami and Erie Canal (approx. 9.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Spencerville.
 
Miami & Erie Canal Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2009
4. Miami & Erie Canal Marker
Close up view of the "profile of Canal Channel, South to North across Ohio."
 
 
Miami & Erie Canal Deep Cut Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2009
5. Miami & Erie Canal Deep Cut Marker
View looking north of this historical marker on the eastern rim of the "Deep Cut."
 
 
Miami & Erie Canal Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2009
6. Miami & Erie Canal Marker
View looking south of the historical marker situated on the eastern rim of the "Deep Cut."
 
 
Miami & Erie Canal Deep Cut Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2009
7. Miami & Erie Canal Deep Cut
View looking north of the Miami and Erie Canal at the southern end of the "Deep Cut."
 
 
Miami & Erie Canal Deep Cut Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2009
8. Miami & Erie Canal Deep Cut
View of "Deep Cut" Historical Park sign situated along the western side of state route 66, with a view of the Allen County - Auglaize County line marker in the distant background on the eastern side of state route 66.
 
 
Miami & Erie Canal Deep Cut Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2009
9. Miami & Erie Canal Deep Cut
View of the nearby Registered National Historic Landmark marker for the Miami and Erie Canal Deep Cut.
 
 
Miami & Erie Canal Deep Cut Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2009
10. Miami & Erie Canal Deep Cut
A close up view of the nearby Registered National Historic Landmark marker for the Miami and Erie Canal Deep Cut.
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on September 29, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 1,993 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on September 29, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.
 
Recommend or Share This Page.  
Share on Tumblr


•••
More Search Options
 
Markers
Near You

 
Categories

 
States & Provinces

 
Counties
Click to List


 
Countries

Page composed
in 211 ms.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
To search within this page, hold down the Ctrl key and press F.
On an Apple computer,
hold down the Apple key and press F.