“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Oroville in Butte County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)


Cherokee Marker image. Click for full size.
By Karen Key, April 8, 2006
1. Cherokee Marker
Inscription. Led from Indian Territory by their New England schoolmaster, a band of young Cherokee Argonauts discovered gold here 1850. Town established 1853 when first stores erected by Welsh miners. During heyday of 1875, Cherokee boasted its own theatre, race track, and brewery; 2 churches, 3 lodges, 8 hotels, 17 saloons, and a population over 1,000.

First diamonds in U.S. discovered here 1858. Hundreds found since. Largest weighing 6 carats.

Site of world's greatest hydraulic gold mine, the Spring Valley, a consolidation of smaller claims comprising 26,000 acres, 100 miles of tunnel and canal, 9 miles of sluice box, 11 reservoirs, 18 monitors, world-famous inverted flume, and the 40-mile "Cherokee Strip" to impound tailings. Over 300 men employed day and night. Illumined by brilliant arc lights, gold production exceeded 15-million dollars.

President Rutherford B. Hayes and General W. T. Sherman toured workings 1880. Thomas Edison, W. R. Vanderbilt, and Vice President T. A. Hendricks held interests here.

Notable pioneers included Louis Glass, Mine Secretary and Telegraph Agent 1871-89; and Gardner F. Williams, Mine Superintendent 1880-84. Glass pioneered the telephone industry of California, serving as director and vice president, Pacific Telephone & Telegraph Co. 1889-1919. Williams subsequently sailed for
Cherokee Marker image. Click for full size.
By Karen Key, April 8, 2006
2. Cherokee Marker
South Africa, where he and Cecil Rhodes amalgamated renowned Kimberley Diamond Mines into DeBeers Consolidated, which he managed 19 years.

—Dedicated at the dawn of a new era, June 11, 1967—

Plaque placed by California Heritage Council, in cooperation with the Cherokee Nation, DeBeers Consolidated Mines, Pacific Telephone & Telegraph Co., Butte County Historical Society, and Mr. & Mrs. James Lenhoff. Orator of the day: A. Gardner Williams, honored dignitaries: Governor Ronald Reagan, Chief W.W. Neeler, James G. Nisbey, Herbert Hoover III, Mattie R. Lund.

Monument erected from native Placer specimens, diamond ore from South Africa, and memorial stones from Cherokee Capitol and Hale Seminary, Tahlequah, Oklahoma. Ken L. Brockman, Mason.
Erected 1967 by California Heritage Council.
Location. 39° 38.767′ N, 121° 32.312′ W. Marker is near Oroville, California, in Butte County. Marker is on Cherokee Road 1.5 miles south of California Route 70, on the left when traveling north. Click for map. It is across the street from the Cherokee Museum. Marker is at or near this postal address: 4226 Cherokee Road, Oroville CA 95965, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. 1879 Site of Messilla Valley School (approx. 2.5 miles away); Nelson Bar (approx. 3.7 miles away); Oregon City (approx. 3.7 miles away); Oregon City Cemetery (approx. 3.9 miles away); Yankee Hill (approx. 4.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Oroville.
Also see . . .
1. More Tales from the Mines. (Submitted on April 9, 2006, by Karen Key of Sacramento, California.)
2. The Remains of Cherokee: A California Gold Rush Town. (Submitted on April 9, 2006, by Karen Key of Sacramento, California.)
Categories. Native AmericansNatural ResourcesSettlements & Settlers
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Karen Key of Sacramento, California. This page has been viewed 4,768 times since then and 81 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Karen Key of Sacramento, California. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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