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Westfield in Hampden County, Massachusetts — The American Northeast (New England)
Gen. Henry Knox Trail
 
Gen. Henry Knox Trail Marker MA-7 Westfield, Mass. Photo, Click for full size
By Howard C. Ohlhous, May 17, 2008
1. Gen. Henry Knox Trail Marker MA-7 Westfield, Mass.
The Henry Knox Cannon Trail follows the route that Gen. Henry Knox used to transport 59 cannons from Fort Ticonderoga and Crown Point, New York to Cambridge, Massachusetts in the winter of 1775-1776.
 
Inscription.
Through this Place Passed
General Henry Knox
In the Winter of
1775 - 1776
To Deliver To
General George Washington
At Cambridge
The Train of Artillery
From Fort Ticonderoga Used
To Force the British Army
To Evacuate Boston

Erected by the Commonwealth
of Massachusetts 1927

 
Erected 1927 by Commonwealth of Massachusetts. (Marker Number MA-7.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the General Henry Knox Trail, and the Markers with Artwork marker series.
 
Location. 42° 7.251′ N, 72° 44.893′ W. Marker is in Westfield, Massachusetts, in Hampden County. Marker is at the intersection of Main Street (U.S. 20) and U.S. 202, on the right when traveling east on Main Street. Click for map. The Gen. Henry Knox Trail Marker is located on a stip of lawn between the sidewalk and the south side of Main Street (US 20), in front of the Tavern Restaurant (2 Broad Street). Marker is in this post office area: Westfield MA 01085, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. IX Miles to Springfield Courthouse (within shouting distance of this marker); Westfield Civil War Monument (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Lieut. Richard Falley (about 600 feet away); Apremont Park (approx. 3.2 miles away); 104th Infantry Regiment (approx. 3.2 miles away); The 104th U.S. Infantry (approx. 3.2 miles away); a different marker also named Gen. Henry Knox Trail (approx. 5.7 miles away); Hessian Encampment (approx. 6.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Westfield.
 
Knox Trail Marker MA-7 Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, November 2, 2009
2. Knox Trail Marker MA-7
 

 
More about this marker. The marker consists of a bronze plaque mounted on a large stone base. The bas relief bronze plaque depictics Gen. Knox overseeing a train of ox-drawn sleds.

 
Regarding Gen. Henry Knox Trail. The Henry Knox Cannon Trail denotes the path followed by Colonel Knox and his men from December 1775 to January 1776 to transport 59 captured weapon pieces from Fort Ticonderoga and Crown Point on Lake Champlain, New York to General George Washington at Dorchester Heights overlooking Boston, Massachusetts.

This pivotal event of the American Revolution resulted in the evacuation of British soldiers from Boston.

The Advisory Board on Battlefields and Historic Sites recommended that the state of New York purchase 30 granite markers in identical pattern, each with a bronze tablet featuring a map of the trail, an image in relief of cannon being dragged by ox sled through the snow, and the words:

"Through this place passed General Henry Knox in the winter of 1775 - 1776 to deliver to General George Washington at Cambridge the Train of Artillery from Fort Ticonderoga used to force the British army to evacuate Boston. Erected by the State of New York 1927."

In all, 30 of the bronze plaques are in New York State and 26 in Massachusetts. They represent
 
Gen. Henry Knox Trail Marker MA-7 Westfield, Mass Photo, Click for full size
By Howard C. Ohlhous, May 17, 2008
3. Gen. Henry Knox Trail Marker MA-7 Westfield, Mass
The marker is located on a stip of lawn between the sidewalk and the south side of Main Street, in front of the Tavern Restaurant.
 
the 56-day journey of American troops from Fort Ticonderoga to Boston.

The monuments were erected beginning in 1926, during the commemoration of the 150-year anniversary of the American Revolution, and completed in 1927. The trail is one of the earliest heritage paths created in the United States.

According to the Hudson River Valley Institute website, General Washington believed he could dislodge the British from the city, and dispatched Henry Knox, a 25-year-old Boston bookseller, to organize transportation of the captured artillery pieces from Lake Champlain forts to the heights overlooking Boston in the winter of 1775. The British had occupied Boston since their victory in the Battle of Bunker Hill.

Henry Knox arrived at Fort Ticonderoga on the evening of December 5, 1775 accompanied by his 19-year-old brother William and a servant, Miller. Early the next day, assisted by the garrison of Fort Ticonderoga, he began to move the guns, including 43 heavy brass and iron cannons, 6 coehorns, 8 mortars and 2 howitzers.

In the second week of March, 1776, four months before the Declaration of Independence was signed, General Washington was ready to bombard the British in Boston from Dorchester Heights, using the array of heavy guns General Knox had laboriously dragged from Lake Champlain.

Lord William Howe recognized that only the evacuation
 
Gen. Henry Knox Trail Marker Detail Photo, Click for full size
By Howard C. Ohlhous, May 17, 2008
4. Gen. Henry Knox Trail Marker Detail
The bas relief bronze plaque depictics Gen. Knox overseeing a train of ox-drawn sleds.
 
of his army could save it, and on March 18 the victorious American army marched into the deserted city.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. These markers follow the route used by Knox to transfer cannons from Fort Ticonderoga to Cambridge, Mass.
 
Also see . . .
1. "The Knox Trial - Introduction" from The New York State Museum website. (Submitted on October 28, 2009, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York.)
2. "The Knox Trail - Locations" From the Hudson River Valley Institute webpage. (Submitted on October 28, 2009, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York.)
3. "Major General Henry Knox" biography from The American Revolution Homepage website. (Submitted on October 28, 2009, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York.)
 
<i>The Noble Train of Artillery</i> Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, July 11, 2008
5. The Noble Train of Artillery
This Tom Lovell painting of General Knox and his soldiers transporting the cannons is on display at Fort Ticonderoga.
 
 
Gen. Henry Knox Photo, Click for full size
By U.S. Army Center Of Military History
6. Gen. Henry Knox
Born in Boston, July 25, 1750, and died Oct. 25, 1806
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on October 28, 2009, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. This page has been viewed 1,898 times since then. Photos:   1. submitted on October 28, 2009, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York.   2. submitted on November 2, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   3, 4. submitted on October 28, 2009, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York.   5. submitted on July 24, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   6. submitted on October 28, 2009, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.
 
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