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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Richmond, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Inside A Flour Mill

 
 
Inside A Flour Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, October 25, 2009
1. Inside A Flour Mill Marker
Inscription. One of the first industries to benefit from American industrial innovation was flour milling. Oliver Evans published The Young Mill-wright and Miller's Guide in 1795, and his patented principles of design spread quickly. Evans' mechanized system required manual labor "only to close the barrels."

The main driveshaft of the waterwheel powered the grinding stones and mill machinery through gears and smaller driveshafts. Hopper elevators and screw conveyors moved grain and flour around the mill. By the mid-19th century other advances included belt drive and water turbines.
 
Location. 37° 32.093′ N, 77° 26.126′ W. Marker is in Richmond, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of South 12th Street and East Canal Street, on the right when traveling north on South 12th Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Richmond VA 23219, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Flour Trade (here, next to this marker); Gallego Mills (here, next to this marker); Tidewater Connection Locks (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); James River & Kanawha Canal (about 300 feet away); Gallego Mill Flume
Cross-section of a mill image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, October 25, 2009
2. Cross-section of a mill
(about 400 feet away); 1201 East Cary Street (about 400 feet away); Bowers Brothers Coffee and Tea Building (about 400 feet away); The Center of Industry in 18th and 19th Century Richmond (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Richmond.
 
More about this marker. On the lower left is a photograph carrying the caption, "Gallego Waterwheel in Ruins, 1865. (Photo Courtesy of Library of Congress)

On the upper right is a diagram and key carrying the caption, "Cross-Section of A Mill. (Plate from Evan's Guide, 13th Ed., 1850)

On the lower right is a list of the equipment on each floor of Gallego Mills in 1895.
 
Categories. Antebellum South, USIndustry & Commerce
 
Inside Gallego image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, October 25, 2009
3. Inside Gallego
Flour Mill Markers image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, October 25, 2009
4. Flour Mill Markers
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 780 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.   2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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