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Manassas, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Mayfield Civil War Fort
Unearthing the Past

The Manassas Museum System
 
Mayfield Civil War Fort - Unearthing the Past Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, September 2, 2007
1. Mayfield Civil War Fort - Unearthing the Past Marker
 
Inscription. Archeology is the detective work of history. Evidence recovered from the soil often provides valuable clues for learning how people lived, worked, and died, especially when documentary sources are scarce.

Excavations were conducted at the Hooe House site by the Archeology Society of Virginia (ASV) in 1984-85. The fort site was excavated during a nine-month period in 1987 by Thunderbird Archeological Associates. Additional fieldwork, including a cross-section of the earthwork wall, was carried out in 2000 by ASV volunteers directed by Rivanna Archeology, Inc. During the construction phase, further archeological work was conducted by Rivanna in 2001 under the direction of Dr. Benjamin Ford.

These digs revealed some of the physical evidence left behind over several thousand years. Native American projectile points (spearheads) were recovered as were pieces of pottery, glass, and iron farm implements used during the Hooe family period. Ford uncovered evidence of two post-holes inside the fortification wall. He conjectured that the holes dated to the late eighteenth century, and may be the remains of the barn belonging to the Hooe family. In addition, Civil War bullets, accouterment plates, and belt buckles were found.

The acquisition of the Mayfield site within The Manassas Museum System ensures the protection and further
 
South End of Park Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, September 2, 2007
2. South End of Park
The area beyond the marker was noted in the Civil War map as having several Hooe farm buildings.
 
scholarly research of this historic archeological site.
 
Erected by Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 45.15′ N, 77° 27.216′ W. Marker is in Manassas, Virginia. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Battery Heights Boulevard and Quarry Road, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Located south of the fortifications inside Mayfield Civil War Fort Park. On the walking trail of the park, just south of the Hooe cemetery. Marker is in this post office area: Manassas VA 20110, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Mayfield Civil War Fort (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Mayfield Civil War Fort (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Mayfield Civil War Fort (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Mayfield Civil War Fort (about 500 feet away); a different marker also named Mayfield Civil War Fort (about 600 feet away); a different marker also named Mayfield Civil War Fort (about 600 feet away); a different marker also named Mayfield Civil War Fort (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Mayfield Civil War Fort (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Manassas.
 
More about this marker. On the left side of the marker, a photograph of tombstones in the Hooe family cemetery is captioned, “Tombstones from the Hooe family cemetery located 200 feet from the redoubt.”

A sidebar area on the right contains three pictures. The upper photo shows sifting operations during archaeological excavations, captioned, “Volunteers assisting Archaeologist Benjamin Ford in sifting soil from construction trenches to recover artifacts.” The lower left photo in the sidebar shows, “Field reference photographs documenting one of the two postholes uncovered within the fortification wall.” On the lower right, “A glass ink bottle found during the construction phase at the fort” is pictured.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Also see . . .  Mayfield Fort – A Civil Work Earthwork Fortification. (Submitted on September 9, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on September 9, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,280 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 9, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
 
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