Manassas, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Mayﬁeld Civil War Fort
—The Manassas Museum System —
When Beauregard learned that Confederate forces had taken the U.S. Navy’s Gosport Shipyard in Portsmouth, Virginia, he immediately requisitioned captured naval guns. The heavy weapons were transported to Manassas, first by boat and then by oxen with sailors from the newly created C.S. Navy. William “Choctaw” King, a U.S. Navy veteran who joined the Confederacy’s fledgling naval service, wrote:“I have been employed for four or five days in mounting part of the 24 thirty-two pounder guns (weighing from 4500 lb. to 5000 lb.) on the batteries being established here and did not go with my company yesterday to Centerville because I was detailed to continue in that service at this place for what length of time I cannot say.” A coded letter from William “Choctaw” King
By late 1861, some of the Manassas Junction earthworks featured the distinctive “soda bottle” shapes of Dahlgren naval cannons. The defenses of Manassas were completed in less than three months. They consisted of 12 earthen forts served by a variety of powerful artillery pieces.
Erected by Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 45.23′ N, 77° 27.164′ W. Marker is in Manassas, Virginia. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Battery Heights Blvd and Quarry Road, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Located inside the earthworks at Mayfield Civil War Fort Park. Marker is in this post office area: Manassas VA 20110, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Mayfield Civil War Fort (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Mayfield Civil War Fort (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Mayfield Civil War Fort (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Mayfield Civil War Fort Mayfield Civil War Fort (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Mayfield Civil War Fort (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named Mayfield Civil War Fort (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Mayfield Civil War Fort (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Manassas.
More about this marker. In the upper center is a newspaper drawing captioned, "“Engraving by Alfred R. Waud of the "Naval Battery (Rebel) at Manassas Junction” illustrated in Harper's Weekly, September 14, 1861, p. 581.
At the lower margin of the marker is another drawing showing the transport of the guns titled “A Confederate Bull Battery” with the caption, “as sketched by an unknown artist prior to the battle of First Manassas depicting the oxen transport of the U.S. Navy's Dahlgren cannons captured from the Gosport Shipyard in Portsmouth, Virginia.”
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Also see . . .
1. Mayfield Fort – A Civil Work Earthwork Fortification. (Submitted on September 10, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Dalgren Naval Cannon. Admiral John Dahlgren designed not just one but an entire series of weapons for the U.S. Navy in his long career. Listed here are the major types ranging from the 6.4 inch bore diameter 32-pounder, up to the massive 20 inch bore cannon for use in the largest Navy ironclads. The "soda bottle" shape mentioned refers to the smooth lines of the cannon, designed to reduce metal stress during firing. (Submitted on September 10, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,404 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.