Near Montpelier Station in Orange County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Civil War Encampment
1862 sketch of the 1st South Carolina Rifles camp Spotsylvania County, Virginia
This sketch illustrates how a camp layout mirrored the organization of a military unit. The soldiers who made up a company camped in a line of huts making a company "street" with the company commander at the head of the street. The three larger tents shown at the bottom ware for higher ranking regimental officers.
Completed archaeological excavation of two hut sites
Archaeologists uncovered more than a century and a half of accumulated topsoil to reveal the undisturbed site of two huts, outlined in red. The rock mounds are the remains of the chimney with the hearth appearing as a red patch of clay, scorched by the months of fires. The
Map of Hut Sites in the McGowan Encampment
Approximately 500 soldiers were camped in these woods. The orderly layout of the camp follows the military plan, with the company streets extending down the hill in front of you. Keeping the men organized by company in camp strengthened the bonds between the men helping to build the cohesion needed in battle. The camp layout also made quick deployment possible - McGowan's soldiers assembled for the march to Wilderness with only 30 minutes of preparation.
Stoneware jug recovered from a soldiers' hut at the McGowan camp
As one of the few food storage items recovered, this jug documents the parce diet of the soldiers in the camp. This absence of food containers indicates that McGowan's troops probably did not have access to condiments, preserves, liquor or pickled foods. In addition, only a small amount of animal bones has been found, suggesting that the diet of the troops consisted mainly of rations of corn meal, bacon, and hardtack.
Reconstructed hut site located at the White Oak Museum, Fredericksburg, Virginia
Soldiers were provided only the barest of essentials to construct these huts (their issue tents
Location. 38° 13.834′ N, 78° 10.833′ W. Marker is near Montpelier Station, Virginia, in Orange County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Constitution Highway (State Highway 20) and Montpelier Road (County Route 693), on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Located on a the Civil War Encampment walking trail on the Montpelier Estate. Marker is in this post office area: Orange VA 22960, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Confederate Camp & Freedman's Farm Trail (approx. ¼ mile away); Post-Emancipation (approx. ¼ mile away); Montpelier Train Station (approx. ¼ mile away); Montpelier Flag Stop (approx. ¼ mile away); Gilmore Farm (approx. 0.3 miles away); Dolley Madison (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named Gilmore Farm (approx. 0.3 miles away); James Madison and Dolley Madison (approx. 0.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Montpelier Station.
Also see . . . Civil War Encampments. Page from the Montpelier web site detailing the camps and (Submitted on November 6, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,530 times since then and 29 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.