Inscription. Baltimore – A house Divided
By William Pfingsten, September 9, 2007
|1. Baltimore Riot Trail Marker|
In 1861, as the Civil War began, Baltimore secessionists hoped to stop rail transportation to Washington and isolate the national capital. On April 19, the 6th Massachusetts Regiment arrived here at the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad’s President Street Station at 10 a.m. en route with other troops to Washington to answer President Abraham Lincoln’s call for 75,000 volunteers to counter the “rebellion.” Because of anti-Unionist demonstrations the day before, the 720 soldiers were ordered to load their weapons while horses pulled their cars to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad’s Camden Station (locomotives were banned from the city streets).
Regimental commander Col. Edward Jones led the first of seven cars to Pratt Street and safely across the waterfront. The eighth car turned back after Southern sympathizers blocked the rails. From Camden Station, Jones sent orders to Capt. Albert S. Follansbee, commanding the remaining four companies here: “You will march to this place as quick as possible [and] follow the rail-road track.”
The Lowell City Regimental Band, baggage, and supply cars remained here after Follansbee left, awaiting their own instructions. When a pro-Confederate mob threw bricks at the musicians, they tore the stripes
from their uniform trousers to be less recognizable as soldiers and fled on foot into the city.
By William Pfingsten, September 9, 2007
|2. President Street Station|
|The station was the Baltimore Civil War Museum, but had to close due to budget cuts Sept. 1, 2007. President-Elect Abraham Lincoln had to make the same trip from President Street Station to Camden Station on the way to his inauguration. It was reported that he disguised himself as a woman to avoid secessionists. In actuality, he arrived on an earlier train and passed through the city unnoticed.|
Col. William F. Small’s 1,200-man 26th Pennsylvania Volunteers (Washington Brigade of Philadelphia) had also arrived with the 6th Massachusetts. As Small persuaded railroad officials to pull the train and troops out of the city to safety, the mob attacked, fatally injuring Pennsylvania Volunteer George Leisenring. The riot here lasted for more than two hours until Baltimore Police Marshal George P. Kane restored order.
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 17.044′ N, 76° 36.143′ W. Marker is in Baltimore, Maryland. Marker is at the intersection of President Street and Fleet Street, on the right when traveling south on President Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Baltimore MD 21202, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. President Street Station (a few steps from this marker); Baltimore Public Works Museum (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Katyn Remembered (about 600 feet away); Water Power: Baltimore's Economic Engine (about 600 feet away); a different marker also named Baltimore Riot Trail (about 700 feet away); Living Classrooms Foundation (approx. 0.2 miles away); Seven-Foot Knoll Lighthouse (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Coast Guard Cutter Taney (approx. 0.2 miles away); Baltimore Slave Trade (approx. 0.2 miles away); St. Leo The Great Church (approx. ¼ mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Baltimore.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Take a tour of the Baltimore Riot Trail.
Credits. This page originally submitted on September 10, 2007, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 5,205 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on September 10, 2007, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
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