Fayetteville in Cumberland County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
“Batter . . . into piles of rubble”
—Carolinas Campaign —
[Preface at top left]
The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Scattered Confederate forces consolidated in North Carolina, the Confederacy's logistical lifeline, where Sherman defeated Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's last-ditch attack at Bentonville. After Sherman was reinforced at Goldsboro late in March, Johnston saw the futility of further resistance and surrendered on April 26, essentially ending the Civil War.
On March 11, 1865, Union Gen. William T. Sherman and his army marched into Fayetteville, and Sherman made the arsenal his headquarters while he reported to Washington on the progress of the Carolinas Campaign. Believing that “the United States should never again confide such valuable property to a people who have betrayed a trust,” Sherman ordered his chief engineer, Col. Orlando M. Poe, to “batter the arsenal building into piles of rubble and then burn and blow up the ruins.” Poe assigned the duty to the 1st Michigan Engineers and Mechanics.
The engineers began their task on March
[Sidebar at bottom right]
The U.S. Arsenal at Fayetteville was constructed between 1838 and 1853, but the facility lacked equipment until 1857. Before the federal government could utilize it, the Civil War began, North Carolina seceded, and local militiamen occupied it. In June 1861, the state transferred control to the Confederacy. Workers converted 36,000 flintlock muskets to percussion-cap weapons and installed machinery captured at Harper's Ferry, in present-day West Virginia. The arsenal produced about 10,000 rifles and assembled a few pistol carbines. Its greatest contribution to the Confederate war effort, however, was the more than 900,000 rounds of small arms ammunition, signal rockets, and friction primers assembled by women workers.
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 35° 3.279′ N, 78° 53.678′ W. Marker is in Fayetteville, North Carolina, in Cumberland County. Marker is on Arsenal Avenue, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is in Arsenal Park, about 30 feet west of the "Ghost Tower," which abuts the Martin Luther King, Jr. Freeway (U.S. 401) to the east. Marker is in this post office area: Fayetteville NC 28305, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. North Carolina (here, next to this marker); The "Ghost" Tower (within shouting distance of this marker); Forging and Casting [and] Smith's Shops (1839 - 1842) (within shouting distance of this marker); Engine House (1838 - 1848) (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); North Carolina Arsenal (about 300 feet away); Arsenal Park (about 400 feet away); Arsenal Stones (about 400 feet away); Gun Carriage and Turning Shop (1842 - 1849) (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Fayetteville.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Markers detailing the Fayetteville Arsenal
Also see . . . Fayetteville Arsenal. (Submitted on November 10, 2009, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • Military • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 1,833 times since then and 128 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.