Fayetteville in Cumberland County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
The Market House
Site of a Shootout
—Carolinas Campaign —
On Saturday morning, March 11, 1865, a brief skirmish took place here at the Market House as Confederate forces evacuated Fayetteville while Union Gen. William T. Sherman's army entered the town. A rear guard detachment under Gen. Wade Hampton surprised a Union cavalry patrol after one of the Federals came around the corner from Russell Street and then fired at Hampton on the south side of the Market House. In the ensuing engagement, several Union cavalrymen were killed or captured. Within a few hours, Hampton's forces had departed, burning the Clarendon Bridge behind them.
To save the building from destruction, Mayor Archibald McLean and a majority of the seven town commissioners went to Sherman's lines on March 11 and negotiated the peaceful surrender of the town. During Sherman's occupation of Fayetteville, Federal soldiers flew a United States flag from the Market House cupola.
After the Civil War, the Market House remained an important part of the civic and economic life of Fayetteville, functioning as an open market into the 20th century. The upstairs rooms still serve as meeting space.
[Sidebar at lower right]:
On this site in 1789, in a building called the State House, the North Carolina General Assembly met in the upper chamber to ratify the U.S. Constitution, cede the state's western
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 35° 3.161′ N, 78° 52.691′ W. Marker is in Fayetteville, North Carolina, in Cumberland County. Marker is at the intersection of Green Street and Market Square, on the right when traveling north on Green Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fayetteville NC 28301, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Old Town Hall (a few steps from this marker); Town House (within shouting distance of this marker); Plank Roads (within shouting distance of this marker); Charter of the University of N. C. (within shouting distance of this marker); Flora MacDonald James Dobbin McNeill (within shouting distance of this marker); First Presbyterian Church (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Liberty Point (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Fayetteville.
Also see . . . History of Fayetteville. (Submitted on November 12, 2009, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,005 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.