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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Front Royal in Warren County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Guard Hill Engagement

 
 
Guard Hill Engagement Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, October 7, 2007
1. Guard Hill Engagement Marker
Inscription. In Aug. 1864, part of Confederate Lt. Gen. Richard H. Anderson’s corps threatened the left of Union Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s army. As Brig. Gen. Wesley Merritt’s division approached on 15 Aug. to protect the Federal flank. Anderson ordered Brig. Gen. William T. Wofford’s infantry brigade and Brig. Gen. Williams C. Wickham’s cavalry brigade across the Shenandoah River to confront Merritt. Wickham was overwhelmed, however, on 16 Aug., and his troopers retreated toward Front Royal while Union Brig. Gen. George A. Custer’s brigade drove Wofford from Guard Hill. Sheriden then retired north to Charles Town W. Va.
 
Erected 1999 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number J 11.)
 
Location. 38° 57.187′ N, 78° 12.007′ W. Marker is in Front Royal, Virginia, in Warren County. Marker is at the intersection of Winchester Avenue (U.S. 340/522) and Guard Hill Road (County Route 637) on Winchester Avenue. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Front Royal VA 22630, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Execution of Mosby’s Men (here, next to this marker); Battle of Front Royal (here, next to this marker); Guard Hill
Guard Hill Engagement Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Fuchs, August 19, 2007
2. Guard Hill Engagement Marker
(approx. ¼ mile away); The Bridges (approx. 0.8 miles away); Recreational Center of Front Royal (approx. 1.1 miles away); Execution of Mosby’s Rangers (approx. 1.2 miles away); Richardson’s Hill (approx. 1.2 miles away); Rose Hill (approx. 1.6 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Front Royal.
 
More about this marker. This marker replaced a marker from the late 1920s or early 1930s erected near here with this same number but titled “Guard’s Hill Affair” which read, “General Fitz Lee’s cavalry, supported by a brigade of Kershaws infantry, detached from Anderson’s Corps at Front Royal, near here attacked Merritt of Sheridan’s cavalry, August 16, 1864. Merritt, on being reinforced, drove the Confederates back across the river. He then withdrew towards Charlestown.”
 
Regarding Guard Hill Engagement. This marker is one of several from a driving tour of the Front Royal Battlefield. The markers are listed in sequence on the Battle of Front Royal Virtual Tour by Markers link below.
 
Also see . . .
Two Virginia State Markers Beside Highway 340 image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, October 7, 2007
3. Two Virginia State Markers Beside Highway 340

1. Battle of Front Royal Virtual Tour by Markers. Although recounting an encounter two years after the Battle of Front Royal, it is included here due to proximity. (Submitted on November 18, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Battle of Guard Hill Summary. (Submitted on November 18, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Guard Hill Engagement, Execution of Mosby's Men and Battle of Front Royal Marker image. Click for full size.
By Forest McDermott, May 10, 2010
4. Guard Hill Engagement, Execution of Mosby's Men and Battle of Front Royal Marker
North Fork Crossing image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, October 7, 2007
5. North Fork Crossing
In the later phases of the Guard Hill fight, both Wickham's and Wofford's commands re-crossed the river in this vicinity as part of their retreat.
Old Dam at Riverton image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 22, 2007
6. Old Dam at Riverton
Wickham's men crossed in this vicinity when retreating from the battle.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,771 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on , by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.   3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4. submitted on , by Forest McDermott of Masontown, Pennsylvania.   5. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   6. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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