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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Cincinnati in Hamilton County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Cincinnati Riots of 1884 / Sheriff Morton Lytle Hawkins

 
 
Cincinnati Riots of 1884 Marker (Side A) image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., October 31, 2009
1. Cincinnati Riots of 1884 Marker (Side A)
Inscription.
Side A: Cincinnati Riots of 1884
In March 1884, public confidence of Cincinnati law enforcement was extremely low. The public believed that murderers and other serious offenders were not brought to justice promptly or received little punishment. Civil unrest was brought to a boil when a seventeen-year-old was sentenced to only twenty years for manslaughter after brutally murdering his employer. On March 28, thousands of citizens stormed the county jail and courthouse. The riots lasted three days requiring forces from the Sheriff's Office, city police, and local and state militia to restore order. Fifty-four people were killed and more than 200 wounded. The courthouse and jail suffered enormous damage, and valuable records were destroyed from the assault and fire. The riot gained international notoriety and helped pave the way for removal of political favoritism and a larger police force.

Side B: Sheriff Morton Lytle Hawkins
On March 28-30, 1884, the Courthouse Riots of 1884 raged in the streets of Cincinnati resulting in death and injury to more than 250 Cincinnatians. A small group of Hamilton County Deputies, led by Sheriff Morton Lytle Hawkins, saved the jail from a complete takeover and successfully protected the lives of all the inmates. Sheriff Hawkins' planning and foresight was largely responsible
Sheriff Morton Lytle Hawkins Marker (Side B) image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., October 31, 2009
2. Sheriff Morton Lytle Hawkins Marker (Side B)
for this success. Sheriff Hawkins also called upon the Ohio National Guard to help quell the Riots and assisted in deploying the troops. Sheriff Hawkins earned the respect of the citizens for his calm and skillful demeanor throughout the Riots. He also served his state as Ohio Adjutant General and the nation as a volunteer in the Ohio Infantry during the Civil War. He was also a noted newspaperman throughout Ohio.
 
Erected 1999 by Ohio Bicentenninal Commission, The Longaberger Company, James Krouse, dba Color Products, Hamilton County Sheriff's Office, and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 19-31.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection marker series.
 
Location. 39° 6.415′ N, 84° 30.554′ W. Marker is in Cincinnati, Ohio, in Hamilton County. Marker is at the intersection of Sycamore Street and Court Street, on the left when traveling south on Sycamore Street. Click for map. Marker is next to the Hamilton County Sheriff's Office and Jail. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1000 Sycamore Street, Cincinnati OH 45202, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Ohio Military Trails (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Military Roads
Cincinnati Riots of 1884 / Sheriff Morton Lytle Hawkins Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., October 31, 2009
3. Cincinnati Riots of 1884 / Sheriff Morton Lytle Hawkins Marker
Looking NNE, with Sycamore Street beyond left edge of photo.
(about 600 feet away); The Athenaeum (approx. 0.2 miles away); Elizabeth Blackwell (approx. 0.2 miles away); Woodward High School / School for Creative and Performing Arts (approx. mile away); Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County (approx. 0.3 miles away); Piatt Park (approx. 0.3 miles away); Fuldner Mortuary (approx. 0.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Cincinnati.
 
Categories. Charity & Public WorkGovernmentHeroesNotable EventsNotable PersonsPolitics
 
Cincinnati Riots of 1884 / Sheriff Morton Lytle Hawkins Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., October 31, 2009
4. Cincinnati Riots of 1884 / Sheriff Morton Lytle Hawkins Marker
Sycamore Street in background.
Deputy Phillip J. Pence Memorial image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., October 31, 2009
5. Deputy Phillip J. Pence Memorial
In memory of
Deputy Sheriff Phillip J. Pence
Hamilton County Sheriff's Office
Corrections Division
Died in the line of duty
June 10, 1984
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,064 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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