Cincinnati in Hamilton County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
The Cincinnati Observatory
“Lighthouse of the Sky”
Prompted by response to his popular lectures, astronomer Ormsby MacKnight Mitchel (1809-1862) founded the Cincinnati Astronomical Society (CAS) in 1842. With CAS funding, Mitchel traveled to Munich, Bavaria, to acquire the optical elements for what became the world's second largest refractor telescope. In 1843 former president John Quincy Adams laid the cornerstone of the observatory building, located upon the hill since known as Mount Adams. The Cincinnati Observatory was completed and opened for study in 1845. Mitchel, who died in service during the Civil War, was among the first to popularize astronomy in America. The telescope he brought to Cincinnati remains in daily use, the oldest such instrument in the United States.
As second director of the Cincinnati Observatory, meteorologist Dr. Cleveland Abbe (1838-1916) inaugurated daily weather predictions based on telegraph reports. His work prompted the formation of the U.S. Weather Bureau, forerunner of the National Weather Service. After the Cincinnati Observatory was transferred to the University of Cincinnati, it was relocated to this site in 1873. Five directors charted its course for the next one hundred years. Under Dr. Paul Herget (1908-1981), a pioneer in the electronic tracking of satellites, the observatory was designated
Erected 2002 by Ohio Bicentennial Commission, The Longaberger Company, The Cincinnati Observatory Center and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 23-31.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks, and the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection marker series.
Location. 39° 8.334′ N, 84° 25.344′ W. Marker is in Cincinnati, Ohio, in Hamilton County. Click for map. Marker is at the observatory, off Observatory Avenue. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3489 Observatory Place, Cincinnati OH 45208, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Cherry Tree Grove (approx. ¾ mile away); Evanston - World War One Honor Roll (approx. 2.5 miles away); Miss Doherty's College Preparatory School for Girls (approx. 2.8 miles away); Pleasant Ridge - World War One Marker Garard/Martin Station, 1790 (approx. 3.1 miles away); Frederick W. Galbraith (approx. 3.7 miles away); Battery F, 136th Field Artillery, A.E.F. (approx. 3.8 miles away); Bellevue, Kentucky (approx. 4.3 miles away in Kentucky). Click for a list of all markers in Cincinnati.
Also see . . . History of the Cincinnati Observatory. (Submitted on November 16, 2009, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
Categories. • Education • Science & Medicine •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 1,073 times since then and 66 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. 2. submitted on , by Frank M Helfen of Batavia, Ohio. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.