Kingstree in Williamsburg County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Battle of Kingstree
Somewhere northwest of Kingstree on the night of Aug. 27, 1780, while scouting for Gen. Marion, a South Carolina militia company led by Maj. John James attacked a British force sent to ravage Williamsburg District, capturing prisoners and gaining information that decided Gen. Marion not to risk a general engagement.
Erected 1958 by Margaret Gregg Gordon Chapter, D.A.R., Williamsburg County. (Marker Number 45-3.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Daughters of the American Revolution marker series.
Location. 33° 40.359′ N, 79° 50.406′ W. Marker is in Kingstree, South Carolina, in Williamsburg County. Marker is on West Academy Street (State Road 527) near Frierson Lane, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Kingstree SC 29556, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within one mile of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Kingstree: Gathering Vital Intelligence (approx. half a mile away); Williamsburg Church (approx. half a mile away); St. Albanís Episcopal Church (approx. 0.7 miles away); Old Muster Ground and Courthouse (approx. 0.8 miles away); Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (approx. 0.8 miles away); Willamsburg County Veterans Monument (approx. 0.8 miles away); Thurgood Marshall, J.D. (approx. 0.8 miles away); Williamsburg County Confederate Monument (approx. 0.8 miles away); Williamsburgh (approx. 0.8 miles away); Stephen A. Swails House (approx. 1.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Kingstree.
Also see . . . Francis Marion. Francis Marion (c. 1732 – February 26, 1795) was a military officer who served in the American Revolutionary War. (Submitted on February 2, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
1. Battle of Kingstree
Kingstree, South Carolina
27 August 1780, Skirmish
Major James Wemyss was a British officer, who would soon have a reputation for cruelty, which was only surpassed by Tarleton. Most of Tarleton's image was incorrect and used as propaganda, but Wemyss's cruelty was well founded. Marion's partisans came to the attention of the British
Wemyss brought with him 200 regulars of the 63rd Regiment, and 100 men of Harrison's South Carolina Rangers, the Royal North Carolina Regiment and Colonel Samuel Bryan's North Carolina Volunteers. Wemyss had been ordered by Cornwallis to punish the concealment of arms and ammunition with a total destruction of the plantations. This attempt at seizing the arms of the farmers would drive more men into Marion's ranks.
Marion sent James and a small party of men to determine the strength of Wemyss's force. James hid his men in a thicket and counted the British as they marched past. When the rear guard started past their position, the partisans rushed out and killed or captured thirty of the British. They then quickly made their escape. James suffered almost as much as the British in the ambush, losing five killed, fifteen wounded and ten captured.
After the attack, four hundred Regulars and Loyalists, out of Kings Tree and Georgetown, reinforced Wemyss. Marion decided that the force was too strong for his small partisan force, and withdrew to North Carolina with sixty of his men and the two fieldpieces he had captured. The artillery slowed him down, so after crossing
After marching day and night Marion ended up at Amy's Mill, on Drowning Creek, where he stayed for several days.579 Marion dispatched James with a small party of volunteers back to South Carolina to gain intelligence, and raise the militia. (Source: Nothing but blood and Slaughter: The Revolutionary War in the Carolinas, Volume II: 1780 by Patrick O'Kelley (2004), pgs 296-297.)
— Submitted February 2, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
Categories. • Colonial Era • Military • Notable Events • Notable Persons • Notable Places • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 986 times since then and 85 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. 4. submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.