HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
            “Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
  Home  — My Markers  — Add A Marker  — Marker Series  — Links & Books  — Forum  — About Us
Shirlington in Arlington County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Nauck: A Neighborhood History
 
Nauck: A Neighorhood History Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Roger Dean Meyer, September 8, 2007
1. Nauck: A Neighorhood History Marker
 
Inscription. The Nauck community has a long and diverse history. The area that now comprises the Nauck neighborhood was originally granted to John Todd and Evan Thomas in 1719. The land was later acquired by Robert Alexander and sold to John Parke Custis in 1778, becoming part of the Abingdon estate. Until the Civil War era, the area remained farmland with few structures. Free blacks, such as Levi and Sarah Ann Jones, who built a house in 1844, owned land prior to the Civil War in what is now Nauck.

After the war, the area attracted several families from Freedmanís Village (located near what is now Foxcroft Heights) and other locations. In 1874, John D. Nauck, Jr., a resident of Washington, D. C., bought 46 acres of land in south Arlington and began subdividing it; and the neighborhood Nauck as it is known today began to form.

In that same year, land was purchased for the relocation of the Little Zion Church (now Lomax A.M.E. Zion Church), a congregation that was first organized in the Freedmanís Village in 1865-66. The church building at the new site, which also served as a public school, first opened in 1875 (later known as the Kemper School). The School Board built a one-room school in 1885. In 1893, a new two-story brick school was constructed at South Lincoln Street and was later replaced by a larger building, now known
 
Freedman's Village, 1864. Photo, Click for full size
By Roger Dean Meyer, September 8, 2007
2. Freedman's Village, 1864.
 
as Drew Elementary.

It was the electric railway, which came to Nauck in 1898 that spurred development of the neighborhood. The Nauck line of the Washington, Arlington, and Fairfax Railway ran parallel to what is now South Kenmore Street and there was a station located south of what is now the intersection of 19th Street South and South Kenmore Street.

The 1902 Virginia Constitution that restricted the rights of black citizens halted the expansion of the neighborhood. The Nauck neighborhood continued to subdivide the land already owned by blacks so that more people could be accommodated, but the neighborhood boundaries remained relatively unchanged.

World War II brought about significant changes to Nauck. Dunbar homes, located at Kemper Road and Shirlington Road, was built during the war on a tract of land that was once owned by Levi Jones and his family. The construction of the Pentagon and its surrounding roads resulted in the destruction of several predominately black neighborhoods in Arlington thereby displacing many people. Some of these people relocated to Nauck as did the A.M.E. Zion Church now on 24th Road South between Glebe Road and Shirlington Road.

Maps from 1952 revealed that a few blocks were still vacant and others were nearly built to capacity and appear much as they do today. The neighborhood of Nauck continues to develop
 
Levi and Sarah Jones House built in 1844. Photo, Click for full size
By Roger Dean Meyer, September 8, 2007
3. Levi and Sarah Jones House built in 1844.
 
along the lines established many years ago and is a community rich in history.

Text courtesy of Dr. Alfred O. Taylor, Jr.
 
Erected by Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Washington and Old Dominion Railroad marker series.
 
Location. 38° 50.655′ N, 77° 5.147′ W. Marker is in Shirlington, Virginia, in Arlington County. Marker is at the intersection of South Four Mile Run Drive and South Shirlington Road, in the median on South Four Mile Run Drive. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Arlington VA 22206, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Washington and Old Dominion Trail (here, next to this marker); Tracks Into History (here, next to this marker); Margaret Elizabeth Pfohl Campbell (approx. ľ mile away); Drew School (approx. 0.3 miles away); Elizabeth Pfohl Campbell (approx. 0.3 miles away); Edmund Douglas Campbell (approx. 0.3 miles away); Macedonia Baptist Church (approx. 0.4 miles away); Fort Barnard (approx. half a mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Shirlington.
 
Also see . . .  Dr. Taylorís Walk Through Nauck. (Submitted on September 14, 2007, by Roger Dean Meyer of Yankton, South Dakota.)
 
Second Lomax A.M.E. Zion Church built in 1889. Photo, Click for full size
By Roger Dean Meyer, September 8, 2007
4. Second Lomax A.M.E. Zion Church built in 1889.
 
 
Lomax A.M.E. Zion Church as it appears today Photo, Click for full size
By Roger Dean Meyer, September 8, 2007
5. Lomax A.M.E. Zion Church as it appears today
 
 
Three Markers at the Washington & Old Dominion Trailhead Photo, Click for full size
By Roger Dean Meyer, September 8, 2007
6. Three Markers at the Washington & Old Dominion Trailhead
The three markers include Nauck: A Neighborhood History, Tracks Into History and Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Trail.
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on September 14, 2007, by Roger Dean Meyer of Yankton, South Dakota. This page has been viewed 2,652 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on September 14, 2007, by Roger Dean Meyer of Yankton, South Dakota.   6. submitted on September 15, 2007, by Roger Dean Meyer of Yankton, South Dakota. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
 
Recommend or Share This Page.  
Share on Tumblr


•••
More Search Options
 
Markers
Near You

 
Categories

 
States & Provinces

 
Counties
Click to List


 
Countries

Page composed
in 453 ms.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
To search within this page, hold down the Ctrl key and press F.
On an Apple computer,
hold down the Apple key and press F.