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Savannah in Chatham County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
The Napoleon 12-Pounder Field Gun Model 1857
 
The Napoleon 12-Pounder Field Gun Model 1857 Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud, 2009
1. The Napoleon 12-Pounder Field Gun Model 1857 Marker
 
Inscription. (Left panel)
The twelve-pound Napoleon smoothbore cannon was developed in France in 1853 and was named for the Emperor Napoleon III. It was adopted and manufactured in the United States in 1857. It was the mainstay of artillery for both the Union and Confederate armies during the American Civil War.
Napoleon cannons were maneuverable, rugged and dependable and were effective in long range fire as well as close range action. The tube is made of bronze, which is a mixture of copper and tin and fired a twelve solid iron cannon ball.
This cannon was manufactured by H.N.H. & Company and was the 178th gun produced by this company in the Northern United States in 1863.
(Right panel)
The Napoleon 12-Pounder Field Gun Model 1857 Statistics
Bore: 4.62"
Tube weight: 1230 lbs.
Tube length: 66"
Maximum range: 1660 yards
Charge: 2.5 lbs black powder
Ammo: solid (12-pound ball), spherical case (shrapnel), shell, cannister
Rate of fire: 3-4 rounds per minute
Crew: 7
Piece weight 2355 lbs.
Muzzle velocity: 1485 fps. (feet per second)
Total manufactured: Union 1156 - Confederate 501

 
Location. 32° 4.913′ N, 81° 2.148′ 
 
The Napoleon 12-Pounder Field Gun Model 1857 Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud, November 29, 2009
2. The Napoleon 12-Pounder Field Gun Model 1857
Marker in bottom right corner
 
W. Marker is in Savannah, Georgia, in Chatham County. Marker can be reached from Fort Jackson Road. Click for map. North (left) off of Presidents Street (US80) at Woodcock Street ,east (right) off of Woodcock Street onto Fort Jackson Road,Located at Old Fort Jackson. Marker is in this post office area: Savannah GA 31404, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Republican Blues (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Garrison of Fort Jackson (about 300 feet away); Construction of Fort Jackson (about 400 feet away); Colonials at Bonaventure (approx. 2.5 miles away); Fred Wessels, Senior (approx. 2.7 miles away); King Cotton (approx. 2.7 miles away); The History of Victor B. Jenkins Jr. Memorial Boys Club (approx. 2.7 miles away); Savannah's Liberty Ships and the Atlantic Bridge (approx. 2.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Savannah.
 
The Napoleon 12-Pounder Field Gun Model 1857 Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud, November 29, 2009
3. The Napoleon 12-Pounder Field Gun Model 1857
 
 
Implements Used In Firing A Cannon Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud, November 29, 2009
4. Implements Used In Firing A Cannon
1. Limber Chest  2. Sponge and Rammer  3. Water Bucket
4. Handspike  5. Leather Primer Tube Pouch
6. Leather Gunners Haversack  7. Worm
 
 
Limber and Ammo chest Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud, November 29, 2009
5. Limber and Ammo chest
 
 
The Napoleon 12-Pounder Field Gun Model 1857 Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud, November 29, 2009
6. The Napoleon 12-Pounder Field Gun Model 1857
No. 178 H.N.H. & Co. 1230 lbs
T.J.R. 1863
Translated, these figures indicate the weapon was the 178th of the 12-pdr Napoloens produced by Henry N. Hooper, inspected and accepted by the government. Thomas J. Rodman inspected the gun in 1863. It weighed 1,230 lbs at that time.
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on December 2, 2009, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 3,757 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on December 2, 2009, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
 
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