“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Mechanicsburg in Hampshire County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Fort Mill Ridge

General Information

Fort Mill Ridge Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 27, 2009
1. Fort Mill Ridge Marker
Inscription. Fort Mill Ridge is a Union fortification constructed between March and June, 1863, to defend the Mechanicsburg Gap and South Branch Potomac Valley. The remains of the fortification have been undisturbed over the past 135 years and are among the most intact and best preserved Civil War earthworks.

The Fort Mill Ridge Foundation in partnership with the West Virginia Department of Natural Resources has undertaken the preservation and interpretation of Fort Mill Ridge. A trail system with interpretive signs explains the fort's design and construction and highlights the Civil War events related to its occupation.

Signage along an easily accessible pathway into the center of the fort outlines the general history and establishment of the fort. A continuing trail loop around the fort includes signage discussing related historical events. Please allow approximately 40 minutes for the entire loop.

The earthworks at Fort Mill Ridge are extremely fragile. Please remain on the pathways at all times. Walking or climbing on the earthworks is strictly prohibited. Hiking in the woodlands outside the fort (beyond the outer entrenchments) is permitted.

(Administrative details follow)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Battlefield Trails - Civil War marker series.
Fort Mill Ridge Trail Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 27, 2009
2. Fort Mill Ridge Trail Map
Note the north seeking arrow pointed to the bottom right of the map.
39° 19.473′ N, 78° 47.591′ W. Marker is near Mechanicsburg, West Virginia, in Hampshire County. Marker is on Fort Mill Ridge Park Road, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Located at the entrance to Fort Mill Ridge Park. Access from Buck Run Road, off US 50 about 2 miles west of Romney, West Virginia. Marker is in this post office area: Burlington WV 26710, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Civil War in the South Branch Valley (a few steps from this marker); Construction of Fort Mill Ridge (within shouting distance of this marker); The Central Redoubt (within shouting distance of this marker); Interior of the Central Redoubt (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Control of the Mechanicsburg Gap (about 300 feet away); The Ditch as a Second Line of Defense (about 300 feet away); Engagement with McNeill's Rangers (about 400 feet away); An Outpost in Enemy Territory (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Mechanicsburg.
More about this marker. On the right side of the marker is a trail map of the park showing the locations of earthworks and the interpretive markers. On the upper right and lower left are illustrations depicting the 1st National Flag of the Confederacy and the 54th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regimental Colors.
Fort Mill Ridge Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 27, 2009
3. Fort Mill Ridge Marker
Regarding the Confederate flag, This flag was later replaced by the 3nd National or Stainless flag because the 1st National was being confused in battle with the Federal Stars and Stripes. The 1st National flag was used as a pattern for the local "Romney" flag captured June 13, 1861 by Col. Lew Wallace of the 11th Indiana Zouaves infantry from confederate forces under the command of Col. Arthur Cummings. A caption for the 54th Pennsylvania colors reads: This flag was the typical issue for the Pennsylvania Volunteer troops by then Pennsylvania Governor Curtin.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Tour of Fort Mill Ridge by markers.
Categories. Forts, CastlesWar, US Civil
Fort Mill Ridge Park image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 27, 2009
4. Fort Mill Ridge Park
The earthworks cover a wide area on the ridge line.
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,146 times since then and 106 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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