Near Mechanicsburg in Hampshire County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Control of the Mechanicsburg Gap
The 3-inch rifled cannon was an accurate field piece with a range of about a miles on level ground. This range was longer when the cannon was placed atop a ridge. From the elevation of the central redoubt, the cannon could fire into Mechanicsburg Gap to control the approach from the west. This also allowed control of the area near the South Branch of the Potomac River bridge and the River Road to the east.
The Mechanicsburg Gap was an important mountain pass through which ran the Northwestern Turnpike, today's Route 50. The Northwestern Turnpike was one of the few direct east-west routes through the mountains of West Virginia. Its control was important to the efficient movement of men and supplies in the region.
Tues May 19. the wether is fair. no strnge news today. Wed 20. this has been a vary warm day. I am on picket gard on the Winchester Road. Thur 21. vary warm today. I com off pickit today. we had battelling drill this eaving.
Diary of Joshua Winters, May 1863.
Location. 39° 19.444′ N, 78° Click for map. Located at trail stop 5 on the tour of Fort Mill Ridge Park. Marker is in this post office area: Burlington WV 26710, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Central Redoubt (within shouting distance of this marker); Interior of the Central Redoubt (within shouting distance of this marker); The Ditch as a Second Line of Defense (within shouting distance of this marker); Construction of Fort Mill Ridge (within shouting distance of this marker); Abandonment of Fort Mill Ridge (within shouting distance of this marker); The Civil War in the South Branch Valley (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Mill Ridge (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); An Outpost in Enemy Territory (about 300 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Mechanicsburg.
More about this marker. In the lower left is a drawing of a View of artillery on the ridgetop facing northeast toward Romney. On the right is another drawing: View of Mechanicsburg Gap showing artillery of the 1st (West) Virginia Volunteer Artillery. This sketch was made by Sergeant Major Lucian Gray just prior to the construction of Fort Mill Ridge.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 948 times since then and 68 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.