“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
New Market in Shenandoah County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

The Battle of New Market

May 15, 1864


—1864 Valley Campaign —

The Battle of New Market Marker image. Click for full size.
December 11, 2009
1. The Battle of New Market Marker
Inscription. In the spring of 1864, Union Gen. Franz Sigel marched his 10,000-man army south through the Shenandoah Valley as part of Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s strategy to attack the Confederacy on several fronts simultaneously. To counter this threat, Gen. John C. Breckinridge led 4,000 Confederate troops to New Market, located on the only road over Massanutten Mountain, which divides the Valley and channels troop movements. In desperate need of soldiers, Breckinridge summoned the Corps of Cadets from Virginia Military Institute. The boys marched north from Lexington to join him.

On the evening of May 14, advance elements of Sigel’s army reached New Market, encountering Confederate Gen. John D. Imboden’s cavalry. The next morning, Breckinridge brought his full force to Shirley’s Hill, two miles south of here. When the Federals pulled back, Breckinridge ordered a general advance, with the cadets in reserved.

Sigel occupied a hill north of town on Jacob Bushong’s farm, where for several hours fighting swirled around the house and across an orchard and wheat field muddied by torrential thunderstorms. Casualties in the Confederate center created a hole that Breckinridge reluctantly filled with the cadets. After his forces repulsed two final infantry and cavalry charges, Breckinridge ordered an attack along his entire front. The Federals retreated
The Battle of New Market Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 20, 2012
2. The Battle of New Market Marker
in good order as the cadets overran an exposed battery, capturing one cannon and many prisoners.

Union losses totaled 841 killed, wounded, and missing, while the Confederates suffered 531 casualties, including 10 VMI Cadets killed and more than 40 wounded. With Sigel’s army no longer an immediate threat, Breckinridge took most of his troops east to join the defense of Richmond.
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails and Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 39.317′ N, 78° 40.343′ W. Marker is in New Market, Virginia, in Shenandoah County. Marker is on George R. Collins Parkway (Virginia Route 305), on the left when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: New Market VA 22844, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Genuine Relic (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Old Home of William F. Rupp (approx. 0.4 miles away); Died on the Field of Honor..." (approx. 0.4 miles away); New Market Battlefield Park (approx. half a mile away); Baptism of Fire
The Battle of New Market Marker image. Click for full size.
December 11, 2009
3. The Battle of New Market Marker
(approx. half a mile away); Gen. John Sevier (approx. half a mile away); The Shirley House (approx. half a mile away); The Henkel House (approx. 0.6 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in New Market.
More about this marker. On the lower left of the marker is a map of the Battle of New Market. On the upper center of the marker is a painting of The Charge of the VMI New Market Cadets, by Jack Woodson Virginia Military Institute Collections. On the upper right, the marker displays portraits of Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge and Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel Courtesy of Library of Congress.
Also see . . .
1. The Battle of New Market. Self-Guided Tour - Joseph W. A. Whitehorne (Submitted on December 12, 2009.) 

2. New Market Battlefield State Historical Park. (Submitted on December 12, 2009.)
Categories. War, US Civil
Close-up of Map on Marker image. Click for full size.
December 11, 2009
4. Close-up of Map on Marker
Credits. This page originally submitted on . This page has been viewed 1,119 times since then and 123 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on .   2. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   3, 4. submitted on . • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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