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Salvador, Bahia, Brazil — Northeast Region
Zumbi dos Palmares Monument
 
Zumbi Dos Palmares Monument Marker - Panel 1 Photo, Click for full size
By Richard E. Miller, December 21, 2009
1. Zumbi Dos Palmares Monument Marker - Panel 1
 
Inscription. Panel 1:
Zumbi dos Palmares

“É chegada a hora de tirar nossa nação das trevas da injustica racial.”

Nasceu livre, em 1655, na Serra da Barriga, união dos Palmares, Alagoas. Neto de Aqualtune, não permitiu a submissão de seu povo ao jugo da corda portuguesa, pois queria a liberdade para todos, dentro ou fora do Quilombo. Persistiu na luta e tornou-se líder do Quilombo, sento ferido em 1694, quando a capital Palmares foi destruída. Em 20 de Novembro de 1695, foi morto e decapitado.

Após 300 anos, a data da morte desse líder da resistência negra foi instituída, pelo moviment negro, como o dia nacional da consciência negra.

English translation
"The time has arrived to remove from our nation the darkness of racial injustice."

Born free, in 1655, in the Serra da Barriga, Union of the Palmares, Alagoas. Grandson of Aqualtune, did not permit the submission of his people to the yoke of the Portuguese cord, seeking liberty for everyone, inside or outside of the Quilombo [fugitive slave settlement]. He persisted in the fight and became leader of the Quilombo, wounded in 1694 when the capital of Palmares was destroyed. Killed and beheaded November 20, 1695.

After 300 years, the black resistance leader’s execution date was
 
Zumbi Dos Palmares Monument Marker - Panel 2 Photo, Click for full size
By Richard E. Miller, December 21, 2009
2. Zumbi Dos Palmares Monument Marker - Panel 2
 
established as the national day of black conscience.

Panel 2:
“Zumbi” (a Felicidade Guerreira)
Letra de Waly Salomâo & música de Gilberto Gil (par o filme Quilombo) 1983

Zumbi, comandante guerreiro
Ogunhê, ferreiro-mor capitão
Da capitania da minha cabeça
Mandai a alforria pro meu coração

Minha espada espalha o sol da guerra
Rompe mato, varre céus e terra
A felicidade do negro é uma felicidade guerreira
Do maracatu, do maculelê e do moleque bamba

Minha espada espalha o sol da guerra
Meu Quilombo incandescendo a serra
Tal e qual o leque, o sapateado do mestre – escola de samba
Tombo – de – ladeira, rabo – de – arraia, fogo – de – liamba...

A felicidade do negro é uma felicidade guerreira

English translation:
“Zumbi” (The Warrior Song)
Words by Waly Salomâo and music by Gilberto Gil (from the film “Quilombo”, 1983) ...

Zumbi, war commander
Ogunhê, blacksmith captain
Of the captainship of my head
Send the emancipation through my heart

My swords spreads the daylight of war
It breaks weed, sweeps the heavens and earth
The happiness of black is the happiness of a warrior
Of the maracatu, the maculelê
 
Zumbi Dos Palmares Monument Marker - Panel 3 Photo, Click for full size
By Richard E. Miller, December 21, 2009
3. Zumbi Dos Palmares Monument Marker - Panel 3
 
and the moleque bamba

My swords spreads the daylight of war
My village (runaway colony) lights the horizon
Together with the fan, a tap dance from the master-school of samba
Tombo-de-ladeira, rabo-de-arraia, fogo-de-liamba

The happiness of black is the happiness of a warrior!

Panel 3:
Esta escultura em bronze do Zumbi dos Palmares, herói da resistência negra contra a escravidâo, foi criada, projetada e executada pela escultora márcia, magno, resultado, de extensa pesquisa inconográfica, técnica e plástica, possui 2,20m de altura e expressa Altivez, força, dignidade e Beleza plástica.

Simboliza “as multiplas faces dos espíritos de África”. Em posição de alerta, apresenta uma perna apoiada a outra, semelhante a um pássaro silvestre, ágil, dia e noite em permanente vigília. O guerreiro Zumbi dos Palmares está portando uma lança de caça e um gládio, cópia fiel do “Mukwale”, peça preciosa, utilizada por grandes guerreiros cuja decoração, do cabo representa o chefe tradicional em pé e atento a qualquer circunstãncia.

39 de Maio de 2008

English translation:
This sculpture in bronze of Zumbi of the Palmares, hero of the Black resistance against slavery, was created, projected and performed by the sculptor Márcia Magno, resulted
 
Zumbi Dos Palmares Monument Marker - Panel 4 Photo, Click for full size
By Richard E. Miller, December 21, 2009
4. Zumbi Dos Palmares Monument Marker - Panel 4
 
from extensive research inconographic, technical and plastic, it is 2.20 meters in height and expresses arrogance, force, dignity and beauty Plastic.

It symbolizes "the multiple faces of the spirits of Africa". In an alert position, one leg supported by another one, similar to a wild, agile bird - day and night in permanent vigil. The warlike Zumbi of the Palmares is carrying a hunting spear and a sword - a faithful copy of the precious "Mukwale" used by great warriors whose decoration represents the traditional standing leader, attentive of his position.

Panel 4:
Homenagem a Zumbi dos Palmares
Projecto Autoria: Lázaro Souza Duarte

Zumbi dos Palmares líder da primeira experiência democrática do país.
O Monumento de Zumbi dos Palmares é o símbolo da resistência do povo negro brasileiro e a materializaçâo da memória de lutas e conquistas pelo exercício da liberdade no fortalecimento pela consciência negra.

Salvador, 30 de Maio de 2008

Comissâo Gestora
Mönica Kalile, Raimundo Bujâo, Lázaro Duarte, Jorge Conceiçâo e Valmir Dois Mundo

Joâo Henrique de Barradas Carneiro,
Prefeito

Gilberto Passos Gil Moreira
Ministro da Cultura

English translation:
Homage to Zumbi of the Palmares
Project Authorship: Lázaro Souza Duarte

Zumbi
 
Zumbi Dos Palmares Photo, Click for full size
By Richard E. Miller, December 21, 2009
5. Zumbi Dos Palmares
 
of the Palmares leader of the first democratic experience of the country.
The Monument of Zumbi of the Palmares is the symbol of the resistance of Black Brazilians and the materialization of the memory of battles and victories in the struggle for liberty and the strengthening of the Black conscience.

Salvador, May 30, 2008

Administrative Commission:
Monica Kalile, Raimundo Bujâo, Lázaro Duarte, Jorge Conceiçâo and Valmir Dois Mundo

Joâo Henrique de Barradas Coneiro,
Mayor

Gilberto Paces Gil Moreira,
Minister of Culture
 
Erected 2008.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Markers Attached to Sculpture marker series.
 
Location. 12° 58.405′ S, 38° 30.663′ W. Marker is in Salvador, Bahia. Marker can be reached from Praça de Sé. Click for map. The Zumbi Monument is accessible to pedestrians in the plaza, northwest of Rua Praça de Sé in the historic Pelourinho ("whipping post") neighborhood. Marker is in this post office area: Salvador, Bahia 40020-210, Brazil.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 2 other markers are within 6 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Monumento a Stefan Zweig (approx. 4.3 kilometers away); Igr. Basílica de N. Sr. do Bonfim (approx. 5.5 kilometers away).
 
Zumbi Dos Palmares Monument - Pelourinho, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil Photo, Click for full size
By Richard E. Miller, December 21, 2009
6. Zumbi Dos Palmares Monument - Pelourinho, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
 

 
Also see . . .
1. Zumbi. (Submitted on January 1, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. Palmares (Quilombo). (Submitted on January 2, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
3. Igreja de Nossa Senhora do Rosario dos Pretos (Salvador). (Submitted on January 2, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
4. Pelourinho. (Submitted on January 2, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
5. Salvador, Bahia. ... In the 1990s, a major city project cleaned up and restored the old downtown area, the Pelourinho, or Centro Historico ("Historical Center"). Now, the Pelourinho is a cultural center, and the very heart of Salvador's tourist trade. Nonetheless, this social prophylaxis resulted in the forced removal of thousands of working class residents to the city's periphery where they have encountered significant economic hardship. Additionally, the Historical Center is now something of a depopulated architectural jewel who's "animation" must be brought in and sponsored by local shopowners and the Bahian state. Similar situations may be found in many UNESCO World Heritage Sites today but the Pelourinho, in light of Salvador's economic inequalities and ruling governmental coalition's of the 1990s, seems to have gone farther than most in sacrificing its population to the needs of tourist-based preservation. ... (Submitted on January 3, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.) 
 
Additional keywords.
 
<i>Igreja de Nossa Senhora do Rosario dos Pretos</i> - near the Zumbi Dos Palmares monument Photo, Click for full size
By Richard E. Miller, December 13, 2009
7. Igreja de Nossa Senhora do Rosario dos Pretos - near the Zumbi Dos Palmares monument
Located in a district then notorious as a place of torture for intransigent and rebellious Africans - the famous blue-colored church was established in 1704 for ministering to the colony's African residents ("Pretos"), exclusively. (Undergoing renovation, its historic markers are presently inaccessible.)
 
Maroons; Preto ["Blacks"]; Pelourinho-UNESCO World Heritage Site.
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on January 1, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 4,111 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on January 1, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   7. submitted on January 2, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.
 
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