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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Volcano in Hawaii County, Hawaii — Hawaiian Island Archipelago (Pacific Ocean)
 

The “Firepit” of Halema'uma'u

 
 
The "Firepit" of Halema'uma'u Marker image. Click for full size.
By Howard C. Ohlhous, April 26, 2004
1. The "Firepit" of Halema'uma'u Marker
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
Inscription. Halema'uma'u Crater is the site of the most eruptions at the summit of Kilauea Volcano. Between 1905 and 1924, a period of about 20 years, a dazzling lake of molten lava circulated within its walls. Then, in 1924, the lake drained away, allowing ground water to penetrate deep inside the volcano. Enormous steam explosions resulted, showering the landscape with rocky debris, still visible around the rim today. During the 1924 steam blasts, Halema'uma'u collapsed, forming a gaping pit 1600 meters wide and 410 meters deep. Since then, 17 eruptions and 4 collapses have occured in the crater. The net effect has been a slight increase in the craters diameter and a decrease in its depth (from 410 meters to its present-day 85 meters).
 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Location. 19° 24.176′ N, 155° 16.875′ W. Marker is near Volcano, Hawaii, in Hawaii County. Marker can be reached from Crater Rim Road. Click for map. Located within Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, on the southeast rim of the crater, off Crater Rim Drive. Marker is in this post office area: Volcano HI 96785, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 2 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Site of Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
The "Firepit" of Halema'uma'u Marker image. Click for full size.
By Howard C. Ohlhous, April 26, 2004
2. The "Firepit" of Halema'uma'u Marker
(approx. 2.4 miles away); Countless are the Accomplishments of Roosevelt's Trusty "Tree Army" (approx. 2.4 miles away).
 
Regarding The "Firepit" of Halema'uma'u. Mid-March of 2008 marked the beginning of a series of events at Halema'uma'u (say Holley-Ma-oo-Ma-oo)including seismic events, the development of a fumarole directly below the Crater Overlook and the first explosive eruption of Halema'uma'u Crater since 1924, which has necessitated the closing of the Crater Overlook, as well as Crater Rim Drive, to the general public because of significant volcanic hazards. The U.S. Geological Survey has placed multiple Volcano Cams to monitor Halema'uma'u activity.
 
Also see . . .  Live Panorama of Halema'uma'u from Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, Kīlauea Volcano. (Submitted on January 5, 2010, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York.)
 
Additional keywords. Volcano eruption
 
Categories. Natural FeaturesNatural ResourcesNotable Places
 
Halema'uma'u Crater from Crater Overlook image. Click for full size.
By Howard C. Ohlhous, April 26, 2004
3. Halema'uma'u Crater from Crater Overlook
Halema'uma'u from the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory image. Click for full size.
By Howard C. Ohlhous, April 26, 2004
4. Halema'uma'u from the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
Kilauea Caldera Map image. Click for full size.
By U.S. Geological Survey, Nov 2009
5. Kilauea Caldera Map
This map by the U.S. Geological Survey shows the location of the Halema'uma'u Crater and the closed Crater Overlook which is the location of The "Firepit" of Halema'uma'u marker.
Halema'uma'u Crater - Sacred to Hawaiians image. Click for full size.
By Howard C. Ohlhous, April 26, 2004
6. Halema'uma'u Crater - Sacred to Hawaiians
Halema'uma'u is home to Pele, Goddess of Hawaiian Volcanoes, according to the traditions of Hawaiian mythology.
Halema'uma'u Aerial View image. Click for full size.
By C. Stoughton, USGS, December 4, 1967
7. Halema'uma'u Aerial View
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. 1967-1968 eruption of Kilauea Volcano. Halemaumau Crater. The parking area and the roadway leading away from it, near the firepit overlook, is at the eleven o'clock position in this photo.
Eruption at Halema'uma'u Crater image. Click for full size.
By Usgs, December 14, 1967
8. Eruption at Halema'uma'u Crater
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. 1967-1968 eruption of Kilauea Volcano. Halemaumau fire pit eruption.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. This page has been viewed 1,305 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York.   7, 8. submitted on , by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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