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Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Kernstown Battles
 
Kernstown Battles Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, August 25, 2007
1. Kernstown Battles Marker
 
Inscription. Around this site and a mile to the west occurred two major battles of the Civil War.

First Kernstown
March 23, 1862 Stonewall Jackson attacked what appeared to be a withdrawing federal force led by federal Br. Gen. Shields. Desperate fighting along a stone wall west of here ended with the arrival of federal reinforcements and Jackson was forced to withdraw. This action opened Jackson’s famous Valley Campaign and succeeded in preventing the withdrawal of Federals from the Valley to reinforce an attack underway at Richmond.

Second Kernstown
July 23, 1864 – Federal General George Crooke’s corps was camped to the north of here after pursuing confederate Gen. Jubal Early’s force from its raid on Washington, D.C. Early attacked Crooke’s forward positions around Prichard’s Hill and Hogue Run. The federals withdrew in disorder after heavy fighting and Early followed up with raids on Martinsburg, W.Va. and Chambersburg, Pa. This battle opened the final phases of the 1864 Valley Campaign.
 
Erected 1991 by Winchester-Frederick Co. Historical Society.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the
 
Close Up View - First Kernstown Battle Map Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, August 25, 2007
2. Close Up View - First Kernstown Battle Map
 
Battlefield Trails - Civil War marker series.
 
Location. 39° 8.403′ N, 78° 11.678′ W. Marker is in Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker is on Opequon Church Lane, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Located in front of the Church in the north side parking lot. Marker is at or near this postal address: 217 Opequon Church Lane, Winchester VA 22602, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Battle of Kernstown (here, next to this marker but has been reported missing); a different marker also named Battle of Kernstown (here, next to this marker); Opequon Presbyterian Church (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); In Memory of the Many Soldiers of the Revolution (about 300 feet away); 1790 Stone Church (about 300 feet away); The First Battle of Kernstown (approx. ¼ mile away); The Second Battle of Kernstown (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named First Battle of Kernstown (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Pritchard House (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named The First Battle of Kernstown (approx. 0.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Winchester.
 
Close Up View - Second Kernstown Battle Map Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, August 25, 2007
3. Close Up View - Second Kernstown Battle Map
 

 
More about this marker. The marker displays maps of the two battles.
 
Regarding Kernstown Battles. The sites related to the First and Second Battles of Kernstown are well detailed on several historical markers in the area. Aside from the Virginia State markers, there are two separate sets which explain the actions at Pritchard's Hill and Rose Hill. These are linked on the Related Markers section below.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Also see . . .
1. First Kernstown. Battle summary from the National Parks Service. (Submitted on September 21, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Second Kernstown. Battle summary from the National Parks Service. (Submitted on September 21, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Looking North Past the Marker towards Prichard's Hill Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, August 25, 2007
4. Looking North Past the Marker towards Prichard's Hill
 
 
Kernstown Battlefields Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, August 25, 2007
5. Kernstown Battlefields
During both battles, Confederate forces advanced across the fields towards Federal positions beyond the tree line. Hogue Run passes through the treeline. The the distance are the white buildings of the Bank Farm.
 
 
Kernstown Marker with Bank Barn in background Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 28, 2007
6. Kernstown Marker with Bank Barn in background
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on September 21, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,917 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on September 21, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   6. submitted on November 16, 2007, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
 
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