“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Rose Hill

“I do not recollect having ever heard such a roar of musketry.”


—1862 Valley Campaign —

Rose Hill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
1. Rose Hill Marker
Inscription. The First Battle of Kernstown, on March 23, 1862, was also the first major Civil War battle fought in the Shenandoah Valley. Throughout the morning, 16 Union cannons on Pritchard’s Hill held off Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s overmatched Confederate command. Relying on intelligence that was soon proved faulty, Jackson not only attacked a force that outnumbered his by 3,000 men, but also tried and failed to dislodge the Union guns by direct assault.

In mid-afternoon, the tide of battle swept over the William W. Glass farm (Rose Hill) when Jackson ordered Col. Samuel Fulkerson’s and Gen. Richard B. Garnett’s brigades here to Sandy Ridge in a movement against the Federal right flank. Union Col. Nathan Kimball countered with reinforcements. The Confederate line stood firm for about two hours behind a stone wall east of the Glass house, and at times the two sides exchanged fire within 80 yards of each other. At last, however, Garnett’s brigade retreated as it ran out of ammunition; Fulkerson’s had to follow, and the retreat nearly became a route. By the time the Confederates retreated, one out of every seven had been killed or wounded.

Although Jackson suffered the only defeat of his career at Kernstown, the U.S. War Department ordered 25,000 additional men to the Shenandoah Valley instead of to other areas
Close Up View of the Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
2. Close Up View of the Map
where they were sorely needed. Kernstown began the campaign that soon made Stonewall Jackson’s name famous throughout America.
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 9.095′ N, 78° 13.249′ W. Marker is near Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker is on Jones Road (County Route 621), on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Located at the entrance to Rose Hill. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1985 Jones Road, Winchester VA 22602, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. War in the Backyard (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); How To See the Battlefield (about 300 feet away); Fight for the High Ground (approx. 0.2 miles away); Northern Victory, Southern Defeat (approx. ¼ mile away); The Defense of the Stone Wall (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Order for Retreat (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Advance of Tyler’s Brigade (approx. 0.4 miles away); The First Battle of Kernstown (approx. 1.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Winchester.
More about this marker. On the lower left, the marker has
Entrance to Rose Hill image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
3. Entrance to Rose Hill
a photo of, “A stone wall was used as a defensive breastwork by Confederate troops during the battle. Civil War veterans visit the wall about 1885.”

In the center a photo of the Glass family is captioned, “At the time of the battle, the house before you, Rose Hill, was the home of Col. William Wood Glass and his family. The Glass family first came to the lower Shenandoah Valley from Northern Ireland in 1738, carving homes and farms from the wilderness. During the winter of 1861–1862, Col. Glass served under ‘Stonewall’ Jackson in the 51st Regiment of Virginia Militia.”

A map of the battle on the right side also has a portrait of General Garnet, with the caption, “With the day ending, ammunition exhausted, and no orders to the contrary, Brigadier General Richard Brook Garnett, Jackson’s second in command, withdrew his weary brigade from the position along the stonewall east of here. Jackson would later press charges against Garnett for this withdrawal, and the resulting disagreement would go down in history as one of the most famous of the war. Within sixteen months both men would be killed in battle.”
Regarding Rose Hill. Please see the Kernstown Battles Virtual Tour by Markers link to see a list of markers related to the battles around Kernstown.
Also see . . .
Rose Hill at the Glass Family Farm image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
4. Rose Hill at the Glass Family Farm

1. Rose Hill. Rose Hill is part of the Museum of the Shenandoah Valley. The farm is open for self guided tours every third Saturday of each month from April to October. (Submitted on September 23, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. First Kernstown. National Park Service battle summary. (Submitted on September 23, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. Kernstown Battles Virtual Tour By Markers. This marker is related to several markers in the area detailing the actions of two separate battles occurring around Kernstown during the Civil War. The sites include walking trails at the Pritchard-Grim Farm and Rose Hill. (Submitted on November 11, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

4. Rose Hill Farm. (PDF) National Register of Historic Places paperwork for Rose Hill offers many details concerning the history of the farm. (Submitted on November 12, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,861 times since then and 203 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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