“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Lemoyne in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Fort Couch - General Couch - Fort Washington

Fort Couch - General Couch - Fort Washington Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Pfingsten, January 24, 2006
1. Fort Couch - General Couch - Fort Washington Marker
Left Panel

Fort Couch was built as part of the emergency fortifications erected to defend Harrisburg and nearby bridges across the Susquehanna River during the 1863 invasion of Pennsylvania by Confederate forces. Fort Couch was built as an advance position to ensure the defense of Fort Washington located on a slightly lower hilltop to the east. Construction started on June 20th, 1863, by command of Major General Couch and on the advice of Federal Army engineer officers Fort Couch was mainly built by local African-American railroad workers. Artillery pieces were mounted on wooden platforms behind the earthworks and pointed west. Fort Couch was manned by New York National Guard, Pennsylvania militia, and Federal troops evacuated from the U.S. Army barracks at Carlisle that included members of the 4th U.S. Cavalry Regiment. The Federal Calvary instructed the new York and Pennsylvania troops in the use of artillery. Several forward infantry picket lines were established between Fort Couch and Oyster Point located a mile an a half to the west.

Center Panel

Major General Darius Nash Couch was born 1822 in Putnam County, New York, graduated U.S. Military Academy in 1846. Served in the Mexican War, and became Brigadier General in 1861 and Major General in 1862. During the Civil War
Fort Couch - Left Panel Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Pfingsten, January 24, 2006
2. Fort Couch - Left Panel
he led divisions in the peninsula and Antietam campaigns, and commanded the 2nd Army Corps at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. General Couch was head of the Department of the Susquehanna 1863-64, and led divisions in Tennessee and North Carolina 1864-65. He held several political and military posts in Massachusetts and Connecticut after the war, and died 1897 in Norwalk, Connecticut.

Right Panel

Fort Washington was constructed primarily between June 14-19, 1863, as part of the emergency response to the Confederate invasion of Pennsylvania that culminated in the historic Battle of Gettysburg. Fort Washington was located 800 yards east of this site and consisted of entrenchments and earthen redoubts with wooden platforms for 25 pieces of artillery. The fort occupied about 60 acres and was manned by New York national Guard and Pennsylvania militia under the overall command of General couch. Hastily built for the defense of Harrisburg and regions east of the Susquehanna River. These earthen fortifications were constructed by more than 600 local citizen volunteers and African-American railroad construction crews drinking water was pumped up the hill from the Susquehanna River using hose laid by volunteer firemen. Tents of some soldiers were erected on wooden platforms on the forts steep hill slope. On June 29-30, 1863, troops from the fort engaged
General Couch - Center Panel Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Pfingsten, January 24, 2006
3. General Couch - Center Panel
Confederate forces at Oyster Point and Sporting Hill located several miles to the west.
Erected by Camp Curtin Historical Society.
Location. 40° 14.799′ N, 76° 54.291′ W. Marker is in Lemoyne, Pennsylvania, in Cumberland County. Marker is at the intersection of Indiana Ave. and 8th St. on Indiana Ave.. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Lemoyne PA 17043, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within one mile of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Fort Couch (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Fort Couch (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Lemoyne - Bridgeport Heights (approx. half a mile away); Harrisburg (approx. 0.7 miles away); John Wormley (approx. 0.7 miles away); Robert Whitehill (1735 - 1813) (approx. mile away); Harrisburg Giants (approx. 1.1 miles away); City Island (approx. 1.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Lemoyne.
Categories. Forts, CastlesNotable PersonsWar, US Civil
Fort Washington - Right Panel Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Pfingsten, January 24, 2006
4. Fort Washington - Right Panel
Rear of Fort Couch - General Couch - Fort Washington Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Pfingsten, January 24, 2006
5. Rear of Fort Couch - General Couch - Fort Washington Marker
Lemoyne Diamond Jubilee Grove marker Photo, Click for full size
By Larry Gertner, May 3, 2016
6. Lemoyne Diamond Jubilee Grove marker
Erected 1980 at garden area within the park/earthworks.
Fort Couch - General Couch - Fort Washington Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Larry Gertner, May 4, 2016
7. Fort Couch - General Couch - Fort Washington Marker
Fort Couch earthworks panorama; memorial marker is in the left distance.
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 2,626 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.   6, 7. submitted on , by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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