Austin in Travis County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Sailor from the Belle Shipwreck
Inscription. Buried here are the remains of a 17th-century sailor who was a member of an ill-fated 1684-87 French expedition to the new world led by Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle. Texas Historical Commission archaeologists discovered the skeleton on October 31, 1996, during excavations of La Salleís ship, the Belle, which sank during a 1686 storm in Matagorda Bay. Near the skeleton, archaeologists found a pewter cup inscribed C. Barange, as well as a small cask. According to historical accounts, the Belleís crew exhausted its supply of fresh water while awaiting La Salleís return from an overland trek in search of the mouth of the Mississippi River, and archaeologists believe the sailor may have died of thirst. Forensic evidence indicates the sailor was between 35 and 45 years old and about 5 feet 4 inches tall. His back was arthritic, his teeth severely decayed and he had once suffered a broken nose.
By Keith Peterson, August 25, 2007
1. Sailor from the Belle Shipwreck Marker
Louis XIV of France hoped La Salleís expedition would break Spainís tight hold over the Gulf of Mexico and assert French claim to Louisiana, but it was plagued with misfortune. One of La Salleís four ships was lost to Spanish privateers in the Caribbean, another ran aground in Pass Cavallo at the mouth of Matagorda Bay and a third sailed back to France bearing disillusioned crew and colonists. La Salle failed to find the mouth of the Mississippi,
where he planned to establish an outpost for trade with the indigenous peoples, and instead landed at Matagorda Bay along the Texas gulf coast. Several miles inland along Garcitas Creek he constructed a small settlement, Fort St. Louis, for the remaining colonists. The final blow to the colonial experiment came when the fourth ship, the Belle, sank with the expeditionís remaining supplies. The following year, La Salle met his death at the hands of his own men in east Texas while trying to reach French settlements in Canada. The ultimate demise of Fort St. Louis and the thwarted French colonization efforts opened the way for Spainís settlement of Texas and subsequent domination of the region.
By Michael Heinich, June 29, 2014
2. Sailor from the Belle Shipwreck Marker
Erected by the Texas Historical Commission.
Location. 30° 16.01′ N, 97° 43.541′ W. Marker is in Austin, Texas, in Travis County. Marker can be reached from Navasota Street. Click for map. Marker is in the Texas State Cemetery, on Monument Hill, Section 2 (H2), Row D, Number 1. Marker is at or near this postal address: 909 Navasota St, Austin TX 78702, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. State Cemetery of Texas (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); William Tom (about 400 feet away); Winslow Turner
(about 400 feet away); George Weedon (about 400 feet away); James Allison York (about 400 feet away); Dr. Gideon Lincecum (about 400 feet away); Stuart Female Seminary (about 500 feet away); James Wales Jones (about 700 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Austin.
By Michael Heinich, June 29, 2014
3. Close up of additional plaque located below the above marker in both english and french
Categories. • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Keith Peterson of Cedar Park, Texas. This page has been viewed 2,865 times since then and 63 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on , by Keith Peterson of Cedar Park, Texas. 2, 3. submitted on , by Michael Heinich of Austin, Texas. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.