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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Deadwood in Lawrence County, South Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Jewish American Pioneers and Deadwood

 
 
Jewish American Pioneers and Deadwood Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jerry Klinger
1. Jewish American Pioneers and Deadwood Marker
Inscription. Jewish American pioneers significantly contributed to the commercial development and establishment of responsible government in Deadwood. Gritty Jewish Westerners, such as Sol Star, arrived with his business partner Seth Bullock in the midst of the Gold Rush in 1876. The firm of Star & Bullock, located at Wall and Main Streets, proved to be one of the most prosperous in the Black Hills. Sol Star served as mayor of Deadwood for 14 years. Star established the Deadwood Flouring Mill with partners Ben Baer and Harris Franklin, two other early Jewish Deadwood pioneers. It was said that as long as Star was with the company, no one in Deadwood ever went hungry. The families of Harris Franklin and his son, Nathan Franklin (Deadwood’s second Jewish mayor), Jacob Goldberg, Nathan Colman, Joseph Hattenbach, Ben Baer, Jacob Wertheimer, Sam Schwarzwald, Sidney Jacobs and many of their Jewish friends, took their places beside their non-Jewish neighbors in helping to tame the wild Dakota frontier.

The efforts of the Jewish business community helped bring prosperity, recognition and jobs to the region. Not only did they help build the town and helped rebuild it after its many fires and floods, but they also were able to convince the railroads that Deadwood was entitled to take its place as a major commercial center with a railroad link to
Solomon Star, Mayor of Deadwood image. Click for full size.
2. Solomon Star, Mayor of Deadwood
the outside world.
 
Erected 2005 by Jewish American Society for Historic Preservation and the Deadwood Historic Preservation Commission.
 
Location. 44° 22.683′ N, 103° 43.75′ W. Marker is in Deadwood, South Dakota, in Lawrence County. Marker is at the intersection of Main Street and Wall Street, on the right on Main Street. Click for map. Located across the street from the famous Bullock Hotel and just outside the main city parking garage. The marker is located on the site of the original of Bullock and Star's first store in Deadwood. Marker is in this post office area: Deadwood SD 57732, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Badlands (here, next to this marker); Original Site of Saloon No. 10 (a few steps from this marker); Historic Facade Replication (within shouting distance of this marker); The Fire of 1879 (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Deadwood City 1876 (about 500 feet away); The Great Flood (about 600 feet away); Wild Bill (about 700 feet away); Chinese Immigrants (about 800 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Deadwood.
 
More about this marker. In the upper right of the marker is a picture of
Sol Star and Seth Bullock. The picture in the
Jewish American Pioneers and Deadwood Marker image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, August 7, 2010
3. Jewish American Pioneers and Deadwood Marker
View of The Bullock Hotel, one of the buildings mentioned in the marker, with the marker in the lower right.
lower left of the marker is of Jake Goldberg & Deadwood Dick

The marker contains a detailed walking map of Deadwood's extensive Jewish business community locations. Jewish businesses and their presence in Deadwood are marked with small blue numbers corresponding to names. Included are the Ben Baer Building, Rosenthal's Palace, Gottstein & Franklin Building, Goldberg's Grocery Store, Elk's Building, Franklin Hotel, Masonic Temple, Sol Bloom Building, Sol Bloom Building Annex, Wertheimer Brothers Building, Munter & Lillienthal Building, Levinson Block, D. Holzman Building, Ben Holstein Building, The Bullock Hotel, and the Hattenbach Brothers Building.
 
Regarding Jewish American Pioneers and Deadwood. Gold was first discovered by soldiers under Gen. George Custer in the Black Hills of the Dakota Territory in 1876. Gold was an explosive allure to frontiersman and fortune seeking gold miners who created rough, and frequently violent gold mining boom towns. Deadwood was just such a boom town when Jewish miners and Jewish merchants moved to the gulch helping to settle the town and “civilize” the community alongside their Christian neighbors.
 
Also see . . .
1. Deadwood, South Dakota and the Jews. (Submitted on February 1, 2010, by Jerry Klinger of Derwood, Maryland.)
2. Jewish American Society for Historic Preservation
Deadwood 1876 image. Click for full size.
circa 1876
4. Deadwood 1876
. The Jewish American Society for Historic Preservation is a non-profit, volunteer organization. The purpose of the Society is to identify and recognize sites of American Jewish Historical interest. The Society sponsors and promotes programs of local and national historic interest. Cooperating with local Historical Societies, Communities, Churches and Synagogues, the Society encourages dialogue and interactive recognition of the commonality of the American Experience. (Submitted on February 1, 2010, by Jerry Klinger of Derwood, Maryland.) 
 
Additional keywords. Jewish American
 
Categories. Settlements & Settlers
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Jerry Klinger of Derwood, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,890 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Jerry Klinger of Derwood, Maryland.   3. submitted on , by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin.   4. submitted on , by Jerry Klinger of Derwood, Maryland. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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