Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Montgomery County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
5th Air Force
to the men and women
who served in the
5th Air Force
in World War II
The 5th Air Force
Commanded initially by General George C. Kenney the 5th Air Force, although holding a low priority for men and equipment, wrested control of the air from the Japanese over the skies of New Guinea in late 1942 and helped stop the Japanese drive in Papua. From there the 5th led the way for a combination of Army and Navy forces to neutralize the islands of the Bismarck Archipelago, the Netherlands East Indies, and to liberate the Philippines. When the war ended in August of 1945 elements of the 5th were moving to the Ryukyus in preparation for the invasion of Japan.
The 5th Air Force fought not only in WW II but in the Korean War as well. It remains stationed in the Far East on the date this memorial is dedicated and proudly claims to be serving on “the tip of the spear.”
Countries and Islands Where 5th Air Force WW II Units Served
Australia • New Guinea • Schouten Island (OWI) • Biak • Noemfoor • Morotai • Leyte • Tanauan • Angaur • Mindoro • Samar • Luzon • Okinawa • Japan
WW II Medal of Honor Winners
Major Richard I. Bong, 49th Ftr Gp
Major Ralph Cheli, 38th Bomb Gp
Lt JG Nathan G. Gordon, USN, Navy Patrol
Colonel Neel E. Kearby, 348th Ftr Gp
Major Thomas B. McGuire, Jr., 475th Ftr Gp
Captain Harl Pease, Jr., 19th Bomb Gp
Lt Joseph R. Sarnoski, 43rd Bomb Gp
Major William A. Shomo, 71st Tac Recon Gp
Brig. Gen. Kenneth Walker, V Bomber Command
Major Raymond H. Wilkins, 3rd Attack Gp
Major Jay Zeamer, Jr., 43rd Bomb Gp
The 5th Air Force Insignia
The crowing feature of this memorial is a representation of the 5th Air Force insignia which consisted of an ultramarine blue disc with the five stars of the Southern Cross in white. Hurling across the disc is a flaming comet, the head of the comet consisting of a white five pointed star, charged with a red roundel, within a blue disc outlined in white, and its tail of three white streamers; all surrounded by a golden orange Arabic number “5”. The stars of the Southern Cross are symbolic of the skies of the Southwest Pacific area where the 5th Air Force was organized in early 1942. It was formed from remnants of the Army Air Force organizations which escaped to Australia from the Philippines and from units freshly arrived from the United States.
Dedicated June 24, 1988
Erected 1988 by 5th Air Force Memorial Foundation and 5th Air Force Reunion Organizations.
Location. Click for map. Marker (Memorial #98) is in the Memorial Park of the National Museum of the United States Air Force, with museum access off Springfield Street. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1100 Spaatz Street, Dayton OH 45433, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 483rd Bombardment Group (H) (a few steps from this marker); 446th Bomb Group (H) (a few steps from this marker); Purple Heart Memorial (a few steps from this marker); 43rd Bombardment Group (a few steps from this marker); 303rd Bomb Group 'H' (a few steps from this marker); 485th Bomb Group (Heavy) (a few steps from this marker); 98th Bomb Group (a few steps from this marker); 448th Bombardment Group (a few steps from this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Wright-Patterson Air Force Base.
Also see . . .
1. NMUSAF Memorial Park Diagram. (Submitted on February 12, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. USAF 5th Air Force Fact Sheet. (Submitted on February 12, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. 5th Air Force. (Submitted on February 12, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Air & Space • War, Cold • War, Korean • War, World II •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,912 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. 9. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.