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Charleston in Charleston County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
St. Philip's Church
 
St. Philips Church Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Michael Sean Nix, February 13, 2010
1. St. Philips Church Marker
 
Inscription.
Here in the churchyard of
St. Philip's are buried
Charles Pinckney
(1757-1824)
Signer of the United
States Constitution
and author of the famous
"Pinckney Draught"
Governor of South Carolina
U.S. Senator & Congressman
Minister to Spain
Edward Rutledge
(1749-1800)
Signer of the Declaration
of Independence
Delegate to First & Second
Continental Congresses
S.C. Legislator & Senator
Governor of South Carolina.

 
Erected 1969 by South Carolina Society Daughters of American Colonists. (Marker Number 10-6.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks, and the Signers of the Declaration of Independence marker series.
 
Location. 32° 46.728′ N, 79° 55.767′ W. Marker is in Charleston, South Carolina, in Charleston County. Marker is on Church Street 0.1 miles north of Queen Street, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 146 Church Street, Charleston SC 29401, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Edward Rutledge (within shouting distance of this marker); Calhoun (within shouting distance of this marker); Colonel William Rhett (within shouting distance of this marker); John Caldwell Calhoun (within shouting distance of this marker); Charles Pinckney (within shouting distance of this marker); Richard Hutson (within shouting distance of this marker); Johnson's Row (within shouting distance of this marker); Huguenot Church (within shouting distance of this marker); The Footlight Players Workshop (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Powder Magazine Flags (about 300 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Charleston.
 
St. Philip's Church Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
2. St. Philip's Church Marker
 

 
Regarding St. Philip's Church. It was declared a National Historic Landmark November 7, 1973 - # 73001695
 
Also see . . .
1. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. The present church building is the third structure to house the oldest congregation in South Carolina (established 1681). (Submitted on February 15, 2010, by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina.) 

2. St, Philip's Church website. (Submitted on February 15, 2010, by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina.)
3. Wikipedia entry for St. Philip's Church. St. Philip's Episcopal Church is an historic Episcopal church in the French Quarter neighborhood of Charleston, South Carolina. (Submitted on February 15, 2010, by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina.) 

4. Southern Graves. Site contains a number of photos of graves in the church cemetery. (Submitted on February 15, 2010, by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina.) 

5. National Park Service. St. Philip's Episcopal Church, a National Historic Landmark, houses the oldest congregation in South Carolina and was the first Anglican church established south of Virginia. (Submitted on February 15, 2010, by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina.) 

6. Charles Pickney. Charles Pinckney (October 26, 1757 – October 29, 1824) was an American politician who was a signer of the United States Constitution, the 37th Governor of South Carolina, a Senator and a member of the House of Representatives. (Submitted on September 29, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 
 
St. Philips Church Marker # 73001695 Photo, Click for full size
By Michael Sean Nix, February 13, 2010
3. St. Philips Church Marker # 73001695
 

7. Charles Pickney. Charles Pinckney, who represented South Carolina at the Constitutional Convention, was an ardent apostle of the rights of man. (Submitted on October 10, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

8. The Pinckney "Draft" of the Constitution. James Madison, often considered the "father" of the US Constitution, downplayed the role of Charles Pinckney in the Constitutional Convention. (Submitted on September 29, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

9. The Plan of Charles Pinckney (South Carolina), Presented to the Federal Convention. The Pinckney Draught. (Submitted on October 10, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

10. Edward Rutledge. Edward Rutledge (November 23, 1749 – January 23, 1800) was an American politician and youngest signer of the United States Declaration of Independence. (Submitted on September 29, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

11. National Park Service - Signers of the Declaration of Independence > Edward Ruthedge. The fifth son and youngest child of an Irish immigrant and physician, Rutledge was born in 1749 at or near Charleston, S.C. (Submitted on October 10, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

12. Biography of Edward Rutledge. Edward Rutledge, the first of the South Carolina delegation, who affixes his name to the Declaration of Independence, was born in the city of Charleston, November, 1749. (Submitted on December 10, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 
 
St. Philips Church Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Michael Sean Nix, February 13, 2010
4. St. Philips Church Marker
 

13. Edward Rutledge - Find-a-Grave Memorial. Signer of the Declaration of Independence from South Carolina, he was the youngest signer at age 26. (Submitted on October 10, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 
 
Additional comments.
1. Charles Pinckney (1757-1824)
Charles Pinckney, (father of Henry Laurens Pinckney), a Delegate, a Senator and a Representative from South Carolina; born in Charles Town (now Charleston), S.C., October 26, 1757; pursued classical studies; admitted to the bar and commenced practice in 1779; member of the State house of representatives 1779-1780, 1786-1789, 1792-1796, 1805, 1806, 1810-1814; fought in the Revolutionary War and was taken prisoner by the British in 1780; Member of the Continental Congress 1785-1787; member of the Constitutional Convention in 1787; member of the State constitutional conventions in 1788 and 1790 and served as president; Governor of South Carolina 1789-1792, and 1796-1798; was elected in 1798 as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John Hunter and also for the full term expiring March 3, 1805, and served from December 6, 1798, until his resignation in 1801; Minister to Spain 1801-1804; again served in the State general assembly and as Governor of South Carolina 1806-1808; elected to the Sixteenth Congress (March 4, 1819-March 3, 1821); resumed the practice of law and also engaged in agricultural pursuits; died in Charleston, S.C., October 29, 1824; interment in St. Philip’s Churchyard. (Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.)
 
St. Philip's Church and Marker, seen at right thru the gate Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud, 2011
5. St. Philip's Church and Marker, seen at right thru the gate
 
    — Submitted September 29, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.

2. St. Philip's Episcopal Church 146 Church Street (c. 1712)
Established in 1681, this is the oldest congregation in the city. The church originally occupied the land where St. Michael's sits today. In 1723-1724 it was moved to its present-day location. Natural disaster and renovations have claimed the other two incarnations of the church, making this the fourth structure bearing the name St. Philip's Church. Famous figures such a Vice President John C. Calhoun, Edward Rutledge, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, and Charles Pinckney, one of the principal drafters of the Constitution, were regular parishioners and are laid to rest in the church graveyard. (Source: Charleston: Key to the City by David Mouser (Summer/Fall/Winter 2011), pg 25.)
    — Submitted September 29, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.

3. St. Philip's Episcopal Church - National Register Nomination Form (1973)
Description
The church is stuccoed brick with a single tier of windows on either side, designed by Joseph Hyde. There are three tetrastyle pedimented Tuscan porticos, one to the Church Street Facade, and one
 
St. Philips Church Photo, Click for full size
By Michael Sean Nix, February 13, 2010
6. St. Philips Church
 
to either side of it, facing in opposite directions. The interior has a high vestibule, is in the style of an auditorium with high Corinthian arcades, a plaster barrel vault, galleries, and an apsidal chancel. There are notable wrought-iron gates to the front of the building.

The chancel and apse were altered (after a fire in 1920) by Albert Simons, architect. The spire was added between 1848 and 1850 by Edward Brickell White and is set upon a square stuccoed brick base with oculi; the steeple is octagonal with pilasters and oculi; the octagonal spire is capped with s weather vane. The imposing tower, perhaps massive for the portico beneath, is appropriately in the Wren-Gibbs tradition.

Significance
The present church building is the third structure to house the oldest congregation in South Carolina (established 1681). The building, without the steeple, was designed by Joseph Hyde and constructed by 1836. The spire was designed by Edward Brickell White and constructed between 1848 and 1850.

The congregation first had planned to replace their burned church with an exact copy, but Hyde's plans resulted in a very different building. The congregation voted in June of 1836 "that the heavy pillars of the interior of the [former] church be dispensed with, and that in lieu thereof Corinthian columns (as far as practicable) after the style of St. Martin's
 
St. Philips Church Photo, Click for full size
By Michael Sean Nix, February 13, 2010
7. St. Philips Church
 
in the Fields, London, to be adopted." Hyde's columns and their wide-ranging entablatures, however, are meticulously Roman as the period dictated.

In the architectural survey of Charleston, a jury composed of Dr. William Murtagh, Keeper of the National Register of Historic Places, Professor Bernard Lemann, Tulane University School of Architecture, Mr. Carl Feiss and Mr. Russell Wright, consultants to the city, noted this structure as exceptional. This notation indicates that the building is of the highest architectural design quality, well-proportioned, and architecturally sophisticated. Windows, classical orders or other period designs, chimneys, verandahs, massing, materials, textures, refined detail, and craftmanship are all elegant and innovative. The structure is to be preserved and protected in situ at all costs.
    — Submitted October 10, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
 
St. Philip's Church<br>From the West Cemetery Entrance Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 19, 2011
8. St. Philip's Church
From the West Cemetery Entrance
 
 
St. Philip's Church Photo, Click for full size
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division - Frances Benjamin Johnston, circa 1937
9. St. Philip's Church
Call Number: LC-J7-SC- 1559-B
 
 
St. Philips Church Photo, Click for full size
By Michael Sean Nix, February 13, 2010
10. St. Philips Church
 
 
St. Philips Church Photo, Click for full size
By Michael Sean Nix, February 13, 2010
11. St. Philips Church
Front door
 
 
St. Philip's Church West Entrance Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
12. St. Philip's Church West Entrance
 
 
St. Philip's Church<br>Chapel of the Good Shepard Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
13. St. Philip's Church
Chapel of the Good Shepard
 
 
Charles Pinckney<br>Oct 26, 1757 – Oct 29, 1824 Photo, Click for full size
By National Park Service
14. Charles Pinckney
Oct 26, 1757 – Oct 29, 1824
 
 
Charles Pinckney Grave Photo, Click for full size
15. Charles Pinckney Grave
 
 
Edward Rutledge<br>Nov 23, 1749 – Jan 23, 1800 Photo, Click for full size
By National Park Service
16. Edward Rutledge
Nov 23, 1749 – Jan 23, 1800
 
 
Edward Rutledge Signature Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott
17. Edward Rutledge Signature
 
 
Edward Rutledge Grave Photo, Click for full size
Photo by John Schneider, August 19, 2008
18. Edward Rutledge Grave
 
 
Edward & Sarah Rutledge Tombstones Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
19. Edward & Sarah Rutledge Tombstones
 
 
Edward Rutledge Tombstone Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
20. Edward Rutledge Tombstone
Beneath this Stone
are departed the remains of
his excellency
Edward Rutledge
late Governor of this State
whom it pleased the Almighty
to take from this life Jan 23rd 1800
at the age of fifty years
and two months.
The virtues of this Eminent Citizen
require not the aid of an inscription here
to recall them to out recollection.
It is believed that they are engraved
on the hearts and will long live
in the remembrance of his
countrymen.
 
 
St. Philips Church West Cemetery Photo, Click for full size
By Michael Sean Nix, February 13, 2010
21. St. Philips Church West Cemetery
 
 
St. Philips Church West Cemetery Photo, Click for full size
By Michael Sean Nix, February 13, 2010
22. St. Philips Church West Cemetery
 
 
St. Philip's Churchyard Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
23. St. Philip's Churchyard
 
 
St. Philip's Churchyard Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
24. St. Philip's Churchyard
 
 
St. Philip's Churchyard<br>Tombstones Resting Against the<br>Cemetery Walls Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
25. St. Philip's Churchyard
Tombstones Resting Against the
Cemetery Walls
 
 
Edward B. Shubrick Tombstone Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
26. Edward B. Shubrick Tombstone
Captain in the U.S. Navy
died at sea, 12th March 1844:
aged 51 years.
----------
Erected by the Officers
Seaman and Marines
of the U.S. Frigate Columbia
in memory of
their late beloved and lamented
Commander.
A.D. 1846.
 
 
Dr. James Moultrie Tombstone Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
27. Dr. James Moultrie Tombstone
The Supreme Council 33
Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite
Southern Jurisdiction, U.S.A.

Dr. James Moultrie
1766 - 1836


Grand Orator, Keeper of the Seals
in the Sublime Grand Lodge of Perfection
Grand Minister of State in the Consistory
Sovereign Grand Inspector General
in the Supreme Council
Grand Secretary General and
Acting Lieutenant Grand Commander

One of the Original Eleven Gentlemen
of Charleston
Founder of the Supreme Council of
Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite
of Freemasonry

Presented by the Supreme Council AASR, SJ of Freemasonry
in Commemoration of his 200th Anniversary
1801-2001
 
 
Edward H. Edwards Tombstone Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
28. Edward H. Edwards Tombstone
To the Memory of
Edward H. Edwards
who departed this life
on the 14th day of April 1843.
In the 49th Year of His Age.
He was distinguished for the soundness
Of his intellect, his high sense of honor,
His kindness and benevolence.
And as no man was ever more firm
And devoted in his friendship.
So few have ever exhibited more
Of the lofty qualities and generous
Values of humanity.
As a testimony of the confidence
Reposed in him by his fellow Citizens,
He was frequently Elected to the City
Council, and to the State Legislature.
And was Major General of the 2nd Division
Of the State Militia.
In all Capacities he was equally
Useful and efficient, and acquired.
----------
As a slight Memorial of his worth,
And her loss, this Stone is erected
By his afflicted Widow.
 
 
Richard Wigg Tombstone Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
29. Richard Wigg Tombstone
He was born about
1675, came to
Carolina before 1706,
and married,
about 1707,
Sarah,
daughter of Captain
John Croft and
Katherine Childermass.
He wad buried near
this spot 2nd
September 1727.

Veritas Victrix.
 
 
Richard Wigg Tombstone Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
30. Richard Wigg Tombstone
Sacred
to the Memory of
Richard Wigg
Founder of the Wigg
family in America,
third son of Thomas Wigg
and Alice Knight of the
Parish of Mentmore,
Buckinghamshire.
 
 
Ebenezer Thayer / James William Gadsden Tombstone Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
31. Ebenezer Thayer / James William Gadsden Tombstone
Ebenezer Thayer
Died June 24, 1824
Aged 57 Years

Caroline Sinclair, His Wife
Died March 18, 1836
Aged 64 Years

William H. Thayer
Died April 11, 1842

Edward A. Thayer
Died July 8, 1845
 
 
Ebenezer Thayer / James William Gadsden Tombstone Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
32. Ebenezer Thayer / James William Gadsden Tombstone
James William Gadsden
Born October 6, 1806
Died January 6, 1853
Emma Georgianna, His Wife
Born July 27, 1807
Died February 4, 1856

Claudia Thayer
Died Aug 13, 1854

Septima wife of
Dr. John D. Hall

Died March 1838
 
 
Henry A.M. Smith / Emma Rutledge Tombstone Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
33. Henry A.M. Smith / Emma Rutledge Tombstone
Henry A.M. Smith
Born at Charleston, S.C.
30th April 1853
and Died there
23rd November 1824.
Lawyer, Jurist,
Educator, Historian
Judge of the
United States District Court
1911 - 1924.
A devoted citizen of South Carolina
Student of her history, and
Exemplar of her best tradition.
 
 
Rev. John Johnson Tombstone Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 19, 2011
34. Rev. John Johnson Tombstone
D.D. LL.D.
Dec. 23 1829 - April 7, 1907
Major of Engineers, C.S.A.
Asst. Minister
Rector and Rector Emeritus
St. Philip's Church 1871-1907
 
 
Alexander W. Marshall D.D. Tombstone Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
35. Alexander W. Marshall D.D. Tombstone
Faithful Unto Death
Born Aug 10 1738
Died Nov 7 1876

Minister of
St. David's Church 1828 to 1847,
of St. John's Church Charleston
1847 to 1876
He devoted himself lovingly
to the work of the Ministry
and he entered into rest.
 
 
Rev. Cranmore Wallace Tombstone Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
36. Rev. Cranmore Wallace Tombstone
 
 
Washington Family Tombstone Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
37. Washington Family Tombstone
Theodosia Narcissa Washington nee McPherson
Widow of William Washington 3rd. Entered into rest
November 28, 1895 aged 81 years.
Elizabeth Skirving Washington
Entered into rest May 30, 1907.
Martha Blake Washington
Entered into rest July 24, 1933.
J.E. McPherson Washington, Lieut. Confederate States Army
Died at Monterey, Highland Co., Va. August 25, 1861
Aged 24 years. Interred at Monterey.
 
 
Rev. Robert Smith & Family Tombstone Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2011
38. Rev. Robert Smith & Family Tombstone
Sacred to the Memory
of the

Right Reverend Robert Smith S.T.D.
Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church of
South Carolina
Born at Norfolk in England on the
25th of August 1735
Died on the 28th of October 1801
Elizabeth Smith Daughter of
John and Constance Paget of St. Thomas
Parish, S. Carolina was burned June 1771 age 29.
Sarah Smith Daughter of
Thomas and Sarah Shubrick of England
was buried July 1779 age 26.
Anna Smith Daughter of
Edward and Elizabeth Tilghman
of Queen Ann's County, Maryland
was burned December 1792 age 59 years.
Elizabeth Daughter of
Robert and Anna Smith
was buried June 1785 age 4 years 9 months
Anna Tilghman Daughter of
Robert and Anna Smith
was buried December 1792 age 1 year.
 
 
John Caldwell Calhoun image, Click for more information
By Mike Stroud, 2011
39. John Caldwell Calhoun
John Caldwell Calhoun
Born March 18, 1782;
Died March 31, 1850.
was a leading politician and political theorist from South Carolina during the first half of the 19th century.
Click for more information.
 
 
St. Philip's Church John Caldwell Calhoun, west side Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud, November 10, 2011
40. St. Philip's Church John Caldwell Calhoun, west side
Secretary
of War
Vice President
Secretary
of State
 
 
St. Philip's Church , John Caldwell Calhoun, back view Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Stroud, November 10, 2011
41. St. Philip's Church , John Caldwell Calhoun, back view
Erected
By The State of
South Carolina
A.D.1884.
 
 
Col. William Rhett image, Click for more information
By Mike Stroud, October 6, 2011
42. Col. William Rhett
See nearby marker
Click for more information.
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on February 15, 2010, by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,008 times since then. Photos:   1. submitted on February 15, 2010, by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina.   2. submitted on September 29, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   3, 4. submitted on February 15, 2010, by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina.   5. submitted on October 8, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   6, 7. submitted on February 15, 2010, by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina.   8. submitted on October 10, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   9. submitted on January 3, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   10, 11. submitted on February 15, 2010, by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina.   12, 13. submitted on October 10, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   14, 15, 16. submitted on February 15, 2010, by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina.   17. submitted on October 10, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   18. submitted on February 15, 2010, by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina.   19, 20. submitted on September 29, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   21, 22. submitted on February 15, 2010, by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina.   23. submitted on September 29, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   24, 25. submitted on October 10, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   26, 27. submitted on September 29, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   28, 29, 30. submitted on September 30, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38. submitted on October 10, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   39. submitted on October 10, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   40, 41. submitted on June 26, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   42. submitted on October 11, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
 
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