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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Frederick in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Market & Patrick Streets

"Scarcely any possibility of crossing the street"

 

—Gettysburg Campaign —

 
Market & Patrick Streets Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 9, 2007
1. Market & Patrick Streets Marker
Inscription. Frederick found itself occupied alternatively by Confederate and Union armies during the Civil War. Citizens who frequented this "Square Corner" of Market and Patrick Streets saw Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia march west from here on Patrick Street, the National Road, during Lee's September 1862 Maryland Campaign. They also saw Union Gen. George B. McClellan lead his army through town in pursuit. This first Southern invasion culminated in the Battles of South Mountain and Antietam.

On June 28, 1863, while newly appointed commander of the Army of the Potomac Gen. George G. Meade drew up plans for a pending confrontation with General Robert E. Lee, tens of thousands of Union troops encamped in the vicinity of Frederick. Within a day they headed north again, to the battle that erupted at Gettysburg, Pa. "All day Saturday the cavalry was passing up Market Street.... Saturday night we were kept awake by the noisy wagon trains and such a Sunday I never spent," wrote Union Gen. John F. Reynolds' cousin Catherine Reynolds Cramer, a Frederick resident. "There was scarcely any possibility of crossing the street for the countless multitudes who were pouring through."

Future mayor Jacob Englebrecht noted in his diary the next day that he "could not pass through Market Street....The streets are chucked full of wagons
Close Up of Confederate Soldiers Passing Through Frederick image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 9, 2007
2. Close Up of Confederate Soldiers Passing Through Frederick
& cavalry & infantry... I should supposed say 70 or 80,000."
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 24.856′ N, 77° 24.637′ W. Marker is in Frederick, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker is at the intersection of East Patrick Street (State Highway 144) and South Market Street, on the right when traveling west on East Patrick Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Frederick MD 21701, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Crossroads of American History (within shouting distance of this marker); Kemp Hall (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); 1862 Antietam Campaign (about 400 feet away); Hospitals in Frederick (about 400 feet away); In April 1861 (about 400 feet away); Capital For A Summer (about 400 feet away); One Vast Hospital (about 400 feet away); Frederick (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Frederick.
 
More about this marker. The marker displays portraits of Generals Meade and Lee in addition to one of Jacob Englebrecht.

In the upper center is a photograph captioned, "The only known photographs of Confederate troops marching under arms were taken here at the intersection
Looking East down Patrick Street image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 9, 2007
3. Looking East down Patrick Street
The marker stands along the much traveled Old National Road.
of Patrick and Market Streets in September 1862."

On the upper right is a "Harpers Weekly sketch of Frederick while occupied by troops."
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,701 times since then and 25 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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