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Yorktown in York County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Yorktown National Cemetery

Yorktown in the Civil War

 

—Colonial Nat'l Hist Park —

 
Yorktown National Cemetery Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
1. Yorktown National Cemetery Marker
Inscription.
Isaac Cornelius
Grave Number 497

On August 31, 1861, Isaac and his brother James enlisted in Company C, 100th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. In early May 1864, Lieutenant Isaac Cornelius submitted his resignation but remained with the army, while his request was processed. At the Battle of Cold Harbor, on June 2, 1864, Isaac was mortally wounded and died four days later. Isaac left widowed his bride of just three months. The Civil War also claimed the lives of three of his brothers.

I passed . . . THE UNION SOLDIER'S BURIAL GROUND . . . laid out in avenues and enclosed with a Virginia rail fence; each grave having a headboard, neatly marked, telling the hero's name, his company and regiment . . . In this lonely resting place on the plains of Yorktown, sleeps many a noble boy, far from his home and kindred, with no kind friend to drop a tear, or sing a funeral requiem.
Barthalomew S. DeForest, 1st Lieutenant
81st New York Regiment, 1862


In the spring of 1862, war again scarred Yorktown's landscape as a Union army prepared to besiege Confederate forces holding the town. On the night of May 3-4,1862, in the face of Union siege artillery, Confederate forces withdrew from the area. Yorktown then became a Union garrison for most of the Civil War and provided hospital service to wounded and
Yorktown National Cemetery Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 25, 2015
2. Yorktown National Cemetery Marker
sick soldiers.

By war's end, the remains of approximately 600 Union soldiers had been buried in this area between the 1781 Allied Siege Lines. In 1866, the cemetery was designated a national cemetery, and Union dead from over 50 field burial sites within 50 miles of Yorktown were re-interred here.

Of the 2,183 burials, two-thirds of the remains are unknown. Only 747 are identified.

William Scott
Grave Number 351

William Scott is known as the Sleeping Sentinel. In August, 1861, Scott, along with his unit, the 3rd Vermont Regiment, was assigned picket duty near Washington, D.C. On the night of August 31, however, Scott was caught asleep at his post. He was court-martialed and sentenced to death, the first soldier from the Army of the Potomac to face execution. President Abraham Lincoln, however, spared his life. On April 16, 1862, Vermont troops assaulted Confederates at Dam No. 1, south of Williamsburg. William Scott was one of 44 Vermont soldiers killed in the action.
 
Erected by Colonial National Historical Park, National Park Service.
 
Location. 37° 13.538′ N, 76° 30.369′ W. Marker is in Yorktown, Virginia, in York County. Marker can be reached from Cook Road (Virginia Route 238), on the right when traveling north. Click for map
Marker in the Yorktown National Cemetery image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
3. Marker in the Yorktown National Cemetery
. Marker is located on the Yorktown Battlefield inside the National Cemetery. Marker is in this post office area: Yorktown VA 23690, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Shiloh Baptist Church (within shouting distance of this marker); Slabtown (within shouting distance of this marker); Surrender at Yorktown (within shouting distance of this marker); Second Allied Siege Line (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Shiloh Baptist Church (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Grand French Battery (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Grand French Battery (approx. 0.2 miles away); First Allied Siege Line (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Yorktown.
 
More about this marker. Portraits of Isaac Cornelius and William Scott appear on the marker.
 
Also see . . .  Yorktown in the Civil War. National Park Service. (Submitted on March 2, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. Cemeteries & Burial SitesWar, US Civil
 
Inside Yorktown National Cemetery image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
4. Inside Yorktown National Cemetery
Issac W Cornelius Grave image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, June 22, 2010
5. Issac W Cornelius Grave
William Scott Grave image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, June 22, 2010
6. William Scott Grave
Yorktown National Cemetery Marker - Bivouac of the Dead image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
7. Yorktown National Cemetery Marker - Bivouac of the Dead
Theodore O'Hara's 1847 poem Bivouac of the Dead appears on another marker within the national cemetery.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,259 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   2. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.   3, 4. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   5, 6. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.   7. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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