Montgomery in Montgomery County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
Montgomery’s Slave Markets / First Emancipation Observance - 1866
The city’s slave market was at the Artesian Basin (Court Square). Slaves of all ages were auctioned, along with land and livestock, standing in line to be inspected. Public posters advertised sales and included gender, approximate age, first name (slaves did not have last names), skill, price, complexion and owner’s name. In the 1850s, able field hands brought $1,500; skilled artisans $3,000. In 1859, the city had seven auctioneers and four slave depots: one at Market Street (Dexter Avenue) and Lawrence, another at the corner of Perry and Monroe, and two on Market between Lawrence and McDonough.
Montgomery’s first observance of the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation was New Year’s Day at Wilson’s Grove on Mildred Street. A parade formed at Gilmer’s Warehouse, commerce Street. Invited were a brass band, the governor, legislators, aldermen, businessmen, benevolent societies, churches and fire engine companies. Peyton Finley, parade marshal, was the first black member of the State Board of Education. Speakers of the day included Holland Thompson, first black alderman and a state legislator, who advised “show by good conduct, industry, and fidelity, that the year 1866 was a year of jubilee, instead of insurrection.” He also told the crowd to acquire land, homes, and education for their children.
Erected 2001 by Alabama Historical Association / Montgomery Area Chamber of Commerce Historical Preservation and Promotion Foundation.
Location. 32° 22.652′ N, 86° 18.59′ W. Marker is in Montgomery, Alabama, in Montgomery County. Marker is at the intersection of Montgomery Street and Commerce Street, on the right when traveling west on Montgomery Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Montgomery AL 36104, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Naming the City of Montgomery / Brigadier General Richard Montgomery (within shouting distance of this marker); Decorative Lions Heads (within shouting distance of this marker); Josiah Morris (within shouting distance of this marker); City of Montgomery / Court Square (within shouting distance of this marker); Court Square Fountain (within shouting distance of this marker); Rosa Louise McCauley Parks / The Bus Stop (within shouting distance of this marker); An Intersection of History: Court Square (within shouting distance of this marker); Here Stood Mrs. Rosa Parks (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Montgomery.
Categories. • African Americans • Antebellum South, US • Government • Notable Events • Notable Persons • Peace •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama. This page has been viewed 2,921 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama. 4. submitted on , by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. 5, 6. submitted on , by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.