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Near Goldsboro in Wayne County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Battle of Goldsboro Bridge

End of Fosterís Raid

 

óFosterís Raid ó

 
Battle of Goldsboro Bridge Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, February 27, 2010
1. Battle of Goldsboro Bridge Marker
Inscription. (Preface):
Late in 1862. Union Gen. John G. Fosterís garrison was well entrenched in New Bern and made several incursions into the countryside. On December 11, Foster led a raid from New Bern to burn the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad Bridge over the Reuse River at Goldsboro and to demonstrate in support of Gen. Ambrose E. Burnsideís attack at Fredericksburg, Virginia. Fosterís force consisted of 10,000 infantry, 640 cavalry, and 40 cannons.

The Wilmington and Weldon Railroad Bridge stood one-half mile to your front, three miles from Goldsboro. Supplies transported by rail from the port at Wilmington had to cross the bridge on the way to the Army of Northern Virginia, making the bridge and the city of Goldsboro vital links in the Confederate supply chain. Fosterís command reached this area on the morning of December 17, after engagements at Kinston and Whitehall.

A small Confederate force under Generals Gustavus W. Smith, Thomas L. Clingman, and Nathan G. Evans defended the bridge. Fosterís men attacked from the other side of the railroad to your right and, after pushing back the Confederates, succeeded
Battle of Goldsboro Bridge Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, February 27, 2010
2. Battle of Goldsboro Bridge Marker
in setting the bridge on fire. The Federal artillery then bombarded the burning structure to prevent the Confederates from extinguishing the blaze, while infantrymen destroyed the railroad tracks atop the embankment to your right.

Late that afternoon, as Foster marched back to New Bern, Confederate forces crossed these fields and attacked the Federal rear guard on the other side of the railroad to your right, but were repulsed by a heavy fire of small arms and artillery. The Confederates suffered about 150 killed, wounded, and missing during the battle, while Union losses were fewer than 100. The Confederates repaired the bridge within a few weeks.
 
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 35° 20.378′ N, 78° 1.717′ W. Marker is near Goldsboro, North Carolina, in Wayne County. Marker is on Old Mt. Olive Highway just south of U.S. 117, on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Goldsboro NC 27530, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
Detail from the Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, February 27, 2010
3. Detail from the Marker
“Approximate route of General John G. Fosterís raid from New Bern to Goldsboro, December 1862.”
At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Battle of Goldsborough Bridge (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Confederate Counterattack (about 700 feet away); Attack of the 17th Massachusetts (approx. 0.2 miles away); Union Assault on the Bridge (approx. ľ mile away); Waynesborough (approx. 2.6 miles away); General Baptist State Convention (approx. 3.2 miles away); Gertrude Weil (approx. 3.4 miles away); First Pentecostal Holiness Church Congregation (approx. 3.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Goldsboro.
 
More about this marker. This is Stop No. 1 of the four stops on the battlefield walking tour.

Marker has a Harperís Weekly illustration of the battle on the lower left; portraits of Generals Foster, Clingman and Evans in the lower center; and two maps on the right side, one of General Fosterís route from New Bern and the other of the engagement here.

Marker is at the Goldsborough Bridge Battlefield, in the parking area. The Goldsborough Bridge Battlefield is owned by Wayne County and developed and operated by the volunteer group the Goldsborough Bridge
Detail from the Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, February 27, 2010
4. Detail from the Marker
“Engagement at Goldsboro Bridge”
Battlefield Association. Follow the first link below for more information.

The Google satellite view available on the “click for map” link above in the Location Section (then click on the Satellite button in the upper right) provides a detailed view of the battlefield and the current railroad bridge.
 
Also see . . .  History of the Battle at Goldsborough Bridge. “The Battle of Goldsborough Bridge was fought December 17, 1862 at the Wilmington & Weldon Railroad Bridge across the Neuse River, three miles south of Goldsborough, North Carolina. Troops and supplies aboard trains from the Deep South and the port at Wilmington had to cross this bridge on their way to Virginia, making this bridge a vital link in the Confederate supply chain. Because of the intersection of two railroads at Goldsborough, the Wilmington & Weldon and the Atlantic & North Carolina, that city had become one of the most important railroad centers in the South. There were other railroad bridges and depots between Wilmington and Virginia, but the presence of the two railroads at Goldsborough, along with the fact that Goldsborough was
Detail from the Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, February 27, 2010
5. Detail from the Marker
“ ĎSkirmish Near Golsbroro,í Harperís Weekly
only 60 miles from Union-occupied New Berne, made the railroad bridge at Goldsborough an important objective for the Union War Department.” (Submitted on March 7, 2010.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Detail from the Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, February 27, 2010
6. Detail from the Marker
Portraits of Generals John G. Foster (Union), Thomas L. Clingman and Nathan G. Evans (Confederate).
Todayís Railroad Bridge over the Neuse River image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, February 27, 2010
7. Todayís Railroad Bridge over the Neuse River
View is from the south bank. This railroad line today belongs to CSX Transportation. From 1900 to 1967 it was part of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,892 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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