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Kure Beach in New Hanover County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Battery Buchanan

Fort Fisher’s Last Stand

 

—Confederate Lifeline —

 
Battery Buchanan CWT Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, March 11, 2010
1. Battery Buchanan CWT Marker
Inscription. These are the remnants of Battery Buchanan, named for Confederate Adm. Franklin Buchanan. It was constructed in 1864 to guard this point and also to serve as “a citadel to which an overpowered garrison might retreat.” It was the last major earthwork erected to support Fort Fisher, the “Gibraltar of the Confederacy,” located a mile northeast.

On Christmas Day 1864, during the first of two battles for Fort Fisher, the Confederate sailors and marines manning the four-gun battery here repulsed Federal boats dragging New Inlet for torpedoes (mines), sinking one vessel. During the second battle, on January 15, 1865, Confederate commanders Gen. W.H.C. Whiting and Col. William Lamb fell wounded. When it became clear that the fort must be surrendered, Lamb later wrote, the two men were “hurriedly removed on stretchers to Battery Buchanan where [Maj. James Reilly] proposed to make a stand ... but we found the guns spiked and every means of transportation, even the barge and crew of the colonel commanding, taken by Capt. R.T. Chapman of our navy, who ... had abandoned us to our fate.” Soon the Federal force, led by the 27th U.S. Colored Troops, threatened to overrun Battery Buchanan.

Reilly surrendered both the battery and Fort Fisher here, waving a handkerchief tied to his sword. Capt. E.
Battery Buchanan Map image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, March 11, 2010
2. Battery Buchanan Map
Lewis Moore, 7th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry, accepted the surrender and the sword. Years later, in 1893, Moore generously returned the sword to Reilly, and it is displayed in the Fort Fisher Museum.
 
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 33° 57.59′ N, 77° 56.516′ W. Marker is in Kure Beach, North Carolina, in New Hanover County. Marker can be reached from Fort Fisher Boulevard South (U.S. 421) 1.4 miles south of Loggerhead Road. Click for map. The marker is located at the south end of Fort Fisher Boulevard near the Fort Fisher - Southport Ferry terminal. Marker is in this post office area: Kure Beach NC 28449, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Blockade-Running (approx. 1.4 miles away); Fighting the Sea - Saving the Fort (approx. 1.4 miles away); Union Fiasco - The First Battle (approx. 1.5 miles away); Fort Fisher Monument (approx. 1.5 miles away); W.H.C. Whiting (approx. 1.5 miles away); Shepherd’s Bombproof
Participants in the fighting at Battery Buchanan image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, March 11, 2010
3. Participants in the fighting at Battery Buchanan
(approx. 1.5 miles away); Restoration of Shepherd’s Battery (approx. 1.5 miles away); Shepherd’s Battery (approx. 1.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Kure Beach.
 
More about this marker. On the lower right is a wartime map of the area.

On the upper center is a “Timothy O’Sullivan photograph of Battery Buchanan”

On the lower center are portraits of battle participants: “Col. William Lamb”; “Capt. R.T. Chapman” Courtesy of Naval Historical Center; “Capt. E. Lewis Moore” Courtesy of David M. Moore and family; “Maj. James Reilly” Courtesy of Cape Fear Museum

On the upper right is a photo of the “Regimental flag, 27th U.S.C.T.” Courtesy of Ohio Historical Society

On the lower right is a photo of “Maj. Reilly’s sword”
 
Also see . . .
1. Fort Fisher. North Carolina Historic Sites (Submitted on March 15, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

2. Coastal North Carolina - Fort Fisher State Historic Site. North Carolina Civil War Trails (Submitted on March 15, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
View of Battery Buchanan (facing north) image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, March 11, 2010
4. View of Battery Buchanan (facing north)
 
 
Categories. African AmericansForts, CastlesWar, US Civil
 
View of Cape Fear River "New Inlet" from Battery Buchanan (facing south) image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, March 11, 2010
5. View of Cape Fear River "New Inlet" from Battery Buchanan (facing south)
Battery Buchanan Tour Stop image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, March 11, 2010
6. Battery Buchanan Tour Stop
Approach to Battery Buchanan (facing south) image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, March 11, 2010
7. Approach to Battery Buchanan (facing south)
Fort Fisher, North Carolina. Battery Buchanan image. Click for full size.
By Timothy H. O'Sullivan, Jan 1865
8. Fort Fisher, North Carolina. Battery Buchanan
Library of Congress [LC-B815- 1231]
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,447 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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