“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Bozeman in Gallatin County, Montana — The American West (Mountains)

Fort Ellis

To the Headwaters

Fort Ellis Marker image. Click for full size.
By Rich Pfingsten, March 22, 2009
1. Fort Ellis Marker
Inscription. Conflicts along the Bozeman Trail between Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho Indians and settlers escalated with the establishment of forts along the route in 1866. After Indians killed John Bozeman, in the Yellowstone Valley in 1867, the federal government established Fort Ellis in the Gallatin Valley that same year. For the next two decades, soldiers from the 13th Infantry and the 2nd Cavalry manned this post, participating in battles at the Little Bighorn in 1876 and the Big Hole in 1877.
In 1870 Lieutenant Gustavus Doane departed Fort Ellis to survey what would later become Yellowstone National Park. The first tourist parties, outfitted in Bozeman and escorted by soldiers, established the Gallatin Valley as the gateway to the Park.
A century later this valley remains a primary corridor into the wonders of Yellowstone. Fishing, hunting, dude ranching, skiing, a land grant university and mountain scenery continue to make the Gallatin Valley a destination.
Erected by Montana Department of Transportation (MDT) & Qwest.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Lewis & Clark Expedition marker series.
Location. 45° 42.742′ N, 111° 3.85′ W. Marker is near Bozeman, Montana, in Gallatin County. Marker is on 19th Avenue near I-90 eastbound entrance ramp (at milepost 305), 0.1 miles east of N. 19th Ave. and E. Valley Center Rd., on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Located at Bozeman Rest Area along I-90 along with several other historic markers. Marker is in this post office area: Bozeman MT 59718, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Valley of Opportunity (a few steps from this marker); Fur Trade (within shouting distance of this marker); Lewis and Clark (within shouting distance of this marker); First People in the Gallatin Valley (within shouting distance of this marker); Pioneer Museum (within shouting distance of this marker); Trail Through Time (within shouting distance of this marker); Bozeman Veterans Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); The Bozeman Trail (approx. 5.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Bozeman.
More about this marker. This marker is included in the Lewis & Clark Expedition marker series. It is one of six illustrated interpretive signs known as "One Trail Through Time: The Bozeman Rest Area signs" according to Montana's Historical Highway Markers book (Revised and Expanded by Axline 2008)

Marker is cracked in numerous locations.

Regarding Fort Ellis. Marker Quotation: "... the most populous and prosperous portion of our threatened by the Sioux. The greatest alarm reasonably prevails..." - Acting Montana Territorial Governor Thomas Francis Meagher's petition to General Ulysses S. Grant for military protection in 1866

Photo Caption: "The Officers of Fort Ellis, used by permission of Museum of the Rockies, Bozeman, Montana"

Also see . . .  Native American. The History of Native Americans is both fascinating and in many ways, tragic. Estimates range from about 10 – 90 million Native Americans inhabited America at the time of the European arrivals. (Submitted on April 12, 2012, by Ann Anderson of North, Sweden.) 
Categories. ExplorationForts, CastlesNative AmericansNotable EventsNotable PlacesSettlements & Settlers
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Rich Pfingsten of Forest Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,279 times since then and 155 times this year. Last updated on , by Rich Pfingsten of Forest Hill, Maryland. Photo   1. submitted on , by Rich Pfingsten of Forest Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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