Toms Brook in Shenandoah County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Sunday, October 9th
—1864 Valley Campaign —
During the evening of October 8, 1864, Gen. Lunsford L. Lomax reached this position with two brigades of Confederate cavalry commanded by Gen. Bradley T. Johnson and Col. William L. "Mudwall" Jackson. Gen. Wesley Merritt, in command of the Union Gen. Philip Sheridan's 1st Cavalry Division (three brigades) lay in camp some three miles north near the base of Round Hill. Merritt's troopers had, for the past week, been engaged in burning barns, mills, haystacks and driving livestock seized from the local population. During the several preceding days, they had been cautiously pursued and harassed by Lomax as they carried out Union Gen. U.S. Grant's directive to "clean out" the Valley.
At approximately 7 a.m., Merritt sent forward his three brigades. Simultaneously, Gen. George A. Custer, USA, commanded an attack against Gen. Thomas A. Rosser's, CSA, cavalry division which was in position south of Toms Brook on the Back Road, three miles due west of here. Merritt's plan of attack placed Col. Charles Russell Lowell's Reserve Brigade on the Valley Pike (modern Route 11) and Col. James Kidd's 1st Brigade to the extreme west, cooperating with Custer's advance. Col. Thomas Devin's 2nd Brigade was centered on the high ground between the Valley Pike and the Back Road.
As the Federals pressed the Confederate
Erected by Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 56.035′ N, 78° 27.403′ W. Marker is in Toms Brook, Virginia, in Shenandoah County. Marker can be reached from Park Lane. Click for map. Located inside Shenandoah County Park near Maurertown,
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Action of Toms Brook (approx. 0.8 miles away); Battle of Fisher's Hill (approx. 3.3 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Fisher's Hill (approx. 4 miles away); Woodstock (approx. 4 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Fisher's Hill (approx. 4.1 miles away); Fisher’s Hill (approx. 4.1 miles away); a different marker also named Fisher’s Hill (approx. 4.2 miles away); a different marker also named Fisher’s Hill (approx. 4.2 miles away).
More about this marker. The marker displays a map illustrating the action described in the text. The map has portraits of Gens. Merritt and Lomax at the corners.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Also see . . .
1. Toms Brook. National Parks Service summary of the battle. Also included is an assessment of the preservation
2. Toms Brook. From Shenandoah at War. This marker documents the Merritt-Lomax portion of the battle.
3. Battle of Toms Brook. From The Civil War in the Shenandoah Valley.
4. Shenandoah County Park. The site offers more details about the park and driving directions, but does not mention the marker or battle.
5. "Mudwall" Jackson. There is some debate as to the nickname "Mudwall" and whom it was actually bestowed upon. In the context of this marker, it is probable that Col. William L. Jackson was called "Mudwall" more to differentiate him from his more famous comrade who carried the nickname "Stonewall." But that is open for discussion.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,071 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.