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Toms Brook in Shenandoah County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Toms Brook

Sunday, October 9th

 

—1864 Valley Campaign —

 
Toms Brook Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, October 7, 2007
1. Toms Brook Marker
Inscription. Sunday, October 9th

During the evening of October 8, 1864, Gen. Lunsford L. Lomax reached this position with two brigades of Confederate cavalry commanded by Gen. Bradley T. Johnson and Col. William L. "Mudwall" Jackson. Gen. Wesley Merritt, in command of the Union Gen. Philip Sheridan's 1st Cavalry Division (three brigades) lay in camp some three miles north near the base of Round Hill. Merritt's troopers had, for the past week, been engaged in burning barns, mills, haystacks and driving livestock seized from the local population. During the several preceding days, they had been cautiously pursued and harassed by Lomax as they carried out Union Gen. U.S. Grant's directive to "clean out" the Valley.

At approximately 7 a.m., Merritt sent forward his three brigades. Simultaneously, Gen. George A. Custer, USA, commanded an attack against Gen. Thomas A. Rosser's, CSA, cavalry division which was in position south of Toms Brook on the Back Road, three miles due west of here. Merritt's plan of attack placed Col. Charles Russell Lowell's Reserve Brigade on the Valley Pike (modern Route 11) and Col. James Kidd's 1st Brigade to the extreme west, cooperating with Custer's advance. Col. Thomas Devin's 2nd Brigade was centered on the high ground between the Valley Pike and the Back Road.

As the Federals pressed the Confederate
Map of the Battle Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, October 7, 2007
2. Map of the Battle
skirmishers toward this vicinity, Lomax unleashed a ferocious charge that drove Lowell's Reserve Brigade back in some confusion, yet caused the advancing Confederates to expose their left flank. Realizing the opportunity, Devin immediately ordered two regiments, the 1st N.Y. Dragoons and the 5th U.S. Cavalry, to charge the Confederate left as Lowell's Reserve Brigade regrouped and advanced again. Lomax, now pressed from the front and left, was forced to make a hasty but orderly withdrawal. The Confederates set up a defensive position astride the Valley Pike immediately north of Woodstock. There they were overwhelmed by a Federal Charge and fled in disorder to Mount Jackson. In the running fight that ensued (later nicknamed "The Woodstock Races"), Merritt's troopers, glorious in their victory, succeeded in capturing five of Lomax's six guns, more than 50 prisoners and wagons, many horses and much other equipage.
 
Erected by Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 56.035′ N, 78° 27.403′ W. Marker is in Toms Brook, Virginia, in Shenandoah County. Marker can be reached from Park Lane. Click for map. Located inside Shenandoah County Park near Maurertown,
Toms Brook Marker Location Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, October 7, 2007
3. Toms Brook Marker Location
This Virginia Civil War Trails marker is reached quite literally at the end of a trail. The white square in the far distance on the treeline is the marker. The ground around the trail was Gen. Lomax's position, with artillery pieces placed upon the ridge line near the marker. Round Hill stands in the distant center, beyond the treeline.
at the end of the park access road. Parking closest to the trail leading to the marker is behind the tennis courts. Marker is in this post office area: Toms Brook VA 22660, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Action of Toms Brook (approx. 0.8 miles away); Battle of Fisher's Hill (approx. 3.3 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Fisher's Hill (approx. 4 miles away); Woodstock (approx. 4 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Fisher's Hill (approx. 4.1 miles away); Fisher’s Hill (approx. 4.1 miles away); a different marker also named Fisher’s Hill (approx. 4.2 miles away); a different marker also named Fisher’s Hill (approx. 4.2 miles away).
 
More about this marker. The marker displays a map illustrating the action described in the text. The map has portraits of Gens. Merritt and Lomax at the corners.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Also see . . .
1. Toms Brook. National Parks Service summary of the battle. Also included is an assessment of the preservation
Toms Brook Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, October 7, 2007
4. Toms Brook Marker
Lomax initially deployed his men in this vicinity. After the attack of Lowell's Federals, Lomax advanced towards Jordon Run, past the treeline in the background. There they were flanked and withdrew.

All around the walking trail to this marker are cow pastures, reminding the visitor of the strategic objective of the Federal army during this campaign - the agricultural resources of the Valley.
of the field and landmarks associated with the battle. (Submitted on October 13, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Toms Brook. From Shenandoah at War. This marker documents the Merritt-Lomax portion of the battle. (Submitted on October 13, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. Battle of Toms Brook. From The Civil War in the Shenandoah Valley. (Submitted on October 13, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

4. Shenandoah County Park. The site offers more details about the park and driving directions, but does not mention the marker or battle. (Submitted on October 13, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

5. "Mudwall" Jackson. There is some debate as to the nickname "Mudwall" and whom it was actually bestowed upon. In the context of this marker, it is probable that Col. William L. Jackson was called "Mudwall" more to differentiate him from his more famous comrade who carried the nickname "Stonewall." But that is open for discussion. (Submitted on October 13, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Round Hill from Lomax's Position Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, October 7, 2007
5. Round Hill from Lomax's Position
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,090 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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