“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Middleburg in Carroll County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)


Meade's Pipe Creek Plan


—Gettysburg Campaign —

Middleburg Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 4, 2010
1. Middleburg Marker
Inscription. On June 29, 1863, Union Gen. George G. Meade ordered the Army of the Potomac to Pipe Creek to counter any move toward Washington or Baltimore by Gen. Robert E Lee's Army of Northern Virginia and to engage it in battle. Meade was uncertain of Lee's strength or location.

The Federal left flank rested here at Middleburg, the center at Union Mills and the right at Manchester. From Westminster, located six miles south of Pipe Creek, roads fanned out to every important point along Meade's line: through Uniontown to Middleburg; through Frizzellburg and Taneytown; through Union Mills and then forking, with one leading to Littlestown and Gettysburg and the other to Hanover; and to Manchester. Although Meade had studied the area on maps, on the ground he had only examined the western portion from Taneytown to Middleburg. On July 1, Gen. Henry J. Hunt, Meade's chief of artillery, reconnoitered the entire line, the only general officer to do so. He was very favorably impressed with the possibilities as an "offensive-defensive" position. Events that day at Gettysburg, however, would preclude its ever being used.
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
Campaign Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 4, 2010
2. Campaign Map
39° 35.73′ N, 77° 13.416′ W. Marker is in Middleburg, Maryland, in Carroll County. Marker is on Middleburg Road (State Highway 77), on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Keymar MD 21757, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Army of the Potomac (approx. 0.4 miles away); “Terra Rubra” (approx. 1.4 miles away); Birthplace of Francis Scott Key (approx. 2.5 miles away); The First Reaping Machine (approx. 2.7 miles away); Elmer A. Wolfe High School (approx. 2.8 miles away); Union Bridge - Reynolds’ Last Journey (approx. 3 miles away); Western Maryland Railway Honor Roll (approx. 3 miles away); World's First Reaping Machine (approx. 3.1 miles away).
More about this marker. In the center are portraits of Gens. Meade and Hunt. On the lower left is a wartime sketch titled Wash day On the right is a campaign map depicting the movements of the Federal army and locations of Civil War trails sites. It has the caption: Position of the Union Army of the Potomac June 29, 1863 (midday). New Union commander Gen. George G. Meade orders his army north with two objectives: Engage the Confederate army under the best possible conditions while protecting Washington, D.C. Learning
"Wing Map" on Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 4, 2010
3. "Wing Map" on Marker
The wing map in the upper left shows nearby Civil War Trails sites, some of which are mentioned in the text.
that the Union army was close and getting closer, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee orders his army to consolidate somewhere near the Maryland-Pennsylvania border.

Also see . . .  Pipe Creek Line. An essay on the Pipe Creek line. (Submitted on April 4, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Categories. War, US Civil
Middleburg Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 4, 2010
4. Middleburg Marker
Middleburg Road image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 4, 2010
5. Middleburg Road
Middleburg Road still connects the town to points eastward as mentioned in the marker's text. Several buildings dating to the war still stand along the road.
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,198 times since then and 28 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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