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Jefferson in York County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Gettysburg Campaign

Raid on Jefferson

 
 
Gettysburg Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, March 27, 2010
1. Gettysburg Campaign Marker
Inscription. In June and July of 1863, about 7500 Confederate and Union soldiers passed through Jefferson, taking horses, livestock, supplies, and food from local residents. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's rebel troops occupied the town on June 30. Plundered by both North and South, like many nearby towns, the citizens of Jefferson keenly felt the effects of the Civil War off the battlefield but on the armies' line of march. Within days troops converged on Gettysburg.
 
Erected 2009 by Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Gettysburg Campaign marker series.
 
Location. 39° 49.028′ N, 76° 50.492′ W. Marker is in Jefferson, Pennsylvania, in York County. Marker is at the intersection of Berlin Street (Pennsylvania Route 516) and Hanover Street (Pennsylvania Route 3041), in the median on Berlin Street. Click for map. Located in the Public Square in the center of town. Marker is in this post office area: Spring Grove PA 17362, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Honor Roll (here, next to this marker); Jefferson Public Square (a few steps from this marker); York Iron Company Mine
Gettysburg Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, March 27, 2010
2. Gettysburg Campaign Marker
(approx. 2.7 miles away); Passenger Pigeon (approx. 3.7 miles away); a different marker also named Passenger Pigeon (approx. 3.7 miles away); Hanover Junction (approx. 3.9 miles away); Hanover Junction Vital Crossroads (approx. 3.9 miles away); 3-inch Rifles (approx. 3.9 miles away).
 
Also see . . .  Stuart Pauses at Jefferson. Blog entry from historian Scott Mingus discussing Stuart's time spent in Jefferson. (Submitted on April 7, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Approach of Stuart's Confederates image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, March 27, 2010
3. Approach of Stuart's Confederates
On June 30, Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry entered Jefferson after fighting at nearby Hanover. Entering on what is today Hanover Street, the rebels paused in Jefferson. After resting, acquiring horses and goods, and refitting, the Confederates continued their march to the northeast, along what is today York Street.
12-pdr Wrought Iron Napoleon image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, March 27, 2010
4. 12-pdr Wrought Iron Napoleon
Near the marker, and pointing out over Hanover Street, is this one of a kind 12-pdr Wrought Iron Napoleon. Produced by Phoenix Iron Works in 1863 using the same construction techniques as the more familiar 3-inch Ordnance Rifle. However this gun fired 12-pdr smoothbore ammunition like that used in bronze 12-pdr Napoleons. Likely this weapon was an experimental type.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 872 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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